Demographic factors and turnover intentions of teachers in public secondary schools in Kenya


  • Onesmus Kamau School of Business, Kenyatta university
  • Stephen Muathe School of Business Kenyatta University
  • Lawrence Wainaina School of Business Kenyatta University



Demographic factors, teachers, turnover intentions, public secondary schools, Kenya


This study aims to investigate the effect of demographic factors on the turnover intentions of teachers in public secondary schools in Murang’a county Kenya. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: To investigate the association between age and education and turnover intentions; to establish the association between gender and turnover intentions; to determine the association between tenure and turnover intentions and to establish the association between educational level and turnover intentions. The study was guided by the Social exchange and Organization equilibrium theories.  This study was a cross-sectional study and adopted descriptive and explanatory research designs. The target population was 3752 Teachers Service Commission (TSC) teachers in 304 public secondary schools in Murang’a county Kenya.  The study thus used multi-stage random to select a sample size of 400 teachers and 40 schools. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the demographic data. Data were analyzed using cross-tabulation and Pearson Chi-square statistics.   The study findings indicated that age has a significant association with turnover intentions while employee tenure, gender, and educational level have no significant association with turnover intentions.

Author Biographies

Onesmus Kamau, School of Business, Kenyatta university

Business administration, PhD scholar

Stephen Muathe, School of Business Kenyatta University

Business administration, Senior Lecturer

Lawrence Wainaina, School of Business Kenyatta University

Business administration, Lecturer


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How to Cite

Kamau, O., Muathe, S., & Wainaina, L. (2021). Demographic factors and turnover intentions of teachers in public secondary schools in Kenya. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 10(4), 363–374.



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