The origin of oil palm social conflict in Laman Satong, Ketapang, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia

  • Slamet Haryono Master of Sociology Study Program, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Rizabuana Ismail Master of Sociology Study Program, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Zulkifli Lubis Department of Anthropology, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Sismudjito Sismudjito Master of Sociology Study Program, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Muryanto Amin Department of Political Sciences, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
Keywords: Social Conflict, Oil Palm, Stock of Knowledge, Phenomenology


This research aims to describe the process and reveal the origin of social conflict in the incoming oil palm investment. Twelve Subjects are involved in this research, located in Laman Satong Village, Ketapang District, Kalimantan Barat Province, Indonesia in February-May 2019. The results showed that a threat to society's identity meaning which depends on the forest was an origin of social conflict. The incoming of oil palm investment was considered as a threat because of the limited formal communication channel, through socialization meetings This limitation indicated to slow down their stock of knowledge renewal, that related to their future fate. Thus, it creates worries that caused resistance and internal community conflict itself. Academically this research contributes to establishing the social conflict theory and stock of knowledge concept in terms of conflict in the incoming of oil palm investment.


Abram, N.K., Meijaard, E., Wilson, K.A., Davis, J.T., Wells, J.A., Acrenaz, M., ... Mengersen, K.(2017). Oil palm-community conflict mapping in Indonesia: A caser for bertter community liaison in planning for development initiatives. Applied Geography, 78, 33-34.

Adian, D. G. (2010). Pengantar fenomenologi. Depok: Penerbit Koekoesan.

Alwarritzi, W., Nanseki, T., & Chomei, Y., (2015). Factors determining household level farmers’ decisions to expand oil palm farmland in Indonesia. Journal Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 60(2),563-568. Retrieved from

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2017a). Statistik kelapa sawit Indonesia 2017. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik. Retrieved from

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2017b). Direktori perusahaan perkebunan kelapa sawit di Indonesia 2017. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik. Retrieved from

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Kalimantan Barat. (2017). Kalimantan Barat dalam angka 2017. Pontianak: Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Kalimantan Barat. Retrieved from

Barreiro, V., Iqbal, M., Limberg, G., Prasodjo, R., Sileuw, A., & Schweithel, J., (2016). The cost of conflict in oil palm in Indonesia. IBCSD. Retrieved from

Budidarsono, S., Susanti, A.,& Zoomers, A., (2013). Oil palm plantations in Indonesia: the implications for migration, settlement/resettlement and local economic development biofuels - economy, environment and sustainability, Zhen Fang, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/53586.

Bystrova, E.G., & Gottschalk, P., (2015). Social conflict theory and white-collar criminals: Why does the ruling class punish their own?. Pakistan Journal of Criminology, 7(1), 1 – 15.

Cahyandito, M. F., & Ramadhan, R. (2015). Is converting shrub land to palm oil plantation worth it? - an ecosystem services analysis. Journal of Business and Retail Management Research,10 (1), 77-86. DOI:

Cholchester, M., & Chao, S. (Ed). (2013). Conflict or consent?. Paper Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, 8-11 April 2013. Washington. Retrieved from

Groenewald, T. (2004). A phenomenological research design illustrated. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 42–55.

Humaedi, M.A. (2014). Kegagalan akulturasi budaya dan isu agama dalam konflik lampung. Jurnal Analisa, 21( 2),149-162. DOI:

Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria. (2017). Jumlah kasus konflik agraria di Indonesia. Retrieved from

Kurniawan, D., & Syani, A. (2012). Faktor penyebab, dampak dan strategi penyelesaian konflik antar warga di Kecamatan Way Panji Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. Jurnal Sosiologi, 15(1), 1-12. DOI:

Lee, J. S. H., Abood, S., Ghazoul, J., Barus, B., Obidzinski, K., & Koh, L.P. (2014). Environmental ımpacts of large-scale oil palm enterprises exceed that of smallholdings in Indonesia. Conservation Letters, 7 (1), 25–33. DOI:

Li, T.M. (2018). After the land grab: Infrastructural violence and the “mafia system” in Indonesia’s oil palm plantation zones. Geoforum, 96,328-337.

Nantha, H. S.,& Tisdell, C. (2009). The orangutan–oil palm conflict: economic constraints and opportunities for conservation. Biodivers Conserv, 18, 487–502.

Nasurur, U., Tahitu, M.E., & Kakisina, L.O. (2017). Dampak keberadaan perusahaan kelapa sawit PT. Nusa Ina Group terhadap kondisi sosial ekonomi masyarakat (studi kasus Desa Kobi Mukti Kecamatan Seram Utara Timur Kobi). Agrilan, 5 (1), 72-87. DOI:

Obidzinski, K., Dermawan, A., & Hadianto, A. (2014). Oil palm plantation investments in Indonesia’s forest frontiers: limited economic multipliers and uncertain benefits for local communities. Environment, Development and Sustainability,16(6),1177-1196 DOI: 10.1007/s10668-014-9519-8

Palupi, S., Sukapti, Y. S., Maemunah, S., Prasetyohadi, P., & Tomte, A. (2017). Privatisasi transmigrasi dan kemitraan plasma menopang industri sawit. Jakarta: The Institute for Ecosoc Rights.

Rist, L., Feintrenie, L., & P. Levang. (2010). The livelihood impacts of oil palm: Smallholders in Indonesia. Biodivers Conserv,19,1009-1024.

Setiawan, W., & Barret, P.S. (2016). The built environment element of economic development in post conflict response in Indonesia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 234, 478 – 487.

Sobur, A. (2013). Filsafat komunikasi, tradisi dan metode fenomenologi. Bandung : PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Stoler, A. L. (1983). In The Company's Shadow; Labor Control And Confrontation In Sumatra's Plantation History, 1870-1979 (indonesia) (Order No. 8327304). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (303270175). Retrieved from

How to Cite
Haryono, S., Ismail, R., Lubis, Z., Sismudjito, S., & Amin, M. (2019). The origin of oil palm social conflict in Laman Satong, Ketapang, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 9(1), 39-45.