Strategic positioning and is it a useful construct in improving performance of microfinance institutions in Kenya


  • Jackline Kapukha Kenyatta university
  • Muathe Stephen Makau School of Business, Economics and Tourism, Kenyatta University



Strategic Positioning, Strategic leadership, Resource allocation, Strategic leadership, Customer Focus.


This paper aims to examine the effect of strategic leadership, resource allocation, information technology, customer focus, and differentiation on the performance of microfinance institutions in Nairobi City County. The study was founded on a resource-based view, dynamic capability and life-cycle theories. A target of 300 employees was targeted from which a sample of 172 research participants was recruited. The sample was selected through a combination of both stratified and sampling techniques. Questionnaires were used for primary data collection. Analysis used both descriptive and multiple regression analyses. The findings of the study indicated the urgency for microfinance organizations to adopt growth strategies that encompass innovative digital advancements, the introduction of novel products, innovation-focused strategies, and the digitization of services. The findings further highlighted the pivotal roles played by strategic positioning, strategic leadership, information technology integration, and differentiation in significantly shaping microfinance institutions’ performance. The findings also indicated that a unit enhancement of strategic positioning indicator had a significant enhancement on their individual performance. However, the effect of customer focus and resource allocation did not exhibit the same level of significance. The study recommended the reinforcement of strategic positioning, optimized resource allocation, embracing technological integration, and an unwavering focus on customer needs. The study recommended the exploration of diverse leadership styles, resource allocation strategies, and the undertaking of comparative analyses to draw insights into the effects of these factors on microfinance institutions.


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How to Cite

Kapukha, J., & Makau, M. S. (2023). Strategic positioning and is it a useful construct in improving performance of microfinance institutions in Kenya. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 12(7), 136–152.



Strategic Approach to Business Ecosystem and Organizational Development