The challenges hampering South African economic growth integration process in the sub-region




Integration, Economic development, Growth, South Africa


The study aims to assess the issues and challenges hampering policy implementation in the Southern African region for economic growth. Qualitatively, this paper collected data and analysed them based on content, using secondary sources from different domains, including Google Scholar, and Scorpius repositories. Findings demonstrate that the design and structure of the African regional development within the integration schemes is around inward-looking industrialization intended to facilitate economic participation costs for member states. This often remains unevenly distributed among member states. Most countries in Africa linger highly reliant on agriculture and yet suffer from high levels of unemployment and food insecurity on the continent. The study contributes to the existing debate on regional and economic integration in the Southern African sub-regional for social-economic development with the adoption of ethical value leadership and accountability. In these situations, it is logical to expect the “African regional integration in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) sub-regional schemes to be most focused on developing synergies that may exist to promote both socio-economic development and regional security across borders. This may hamper policy implementation through good governance and an ethically valued approach.


Download data is not yet available.


Abraham, K. (2008). The Challenges of Accelerating Economic and Political Integration in the Formation of a Union Government, in Murithi, T. (ed). Towards a Union Government for Africa: Challenges and Opportunities. Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies.29-43.

African Union (AU) (2019). Report On The Status Of Regional Integration In Africa. The 3rd Specialized Technical Committee on Finance, Monetary Affairs, Economic Planning and Integration Experts Meeting 4-6 March 2019, Yaoundé, Cameroon., (2010). Southern Africa: Leaders of SADC postpone the launch of Customs Union. Available at Accessed 12 May 2019).

Asante, S.K.B. (1997). Regionalisation and Africa’s Development: Expectations, Reality and Challenges. London: Macmillan.

Bilal, S. A. N., Byiers, B., & Vanheukelom, J. A. N. (2015). Political-economy dynamics check format matter most to Africa's regional integration. International Trade Forum (2), 20-21. DOI:

Boamah, N. A., Watts, E. J., & Loudon, G. (2016). Investigating temporal variation in the global and regional integration of African stock markets. Journal of Multinational Financial Management, 36, 103-118. DOI:

Chingono, M & Nakana S (2008). The challenges of regional integration in Southern Africa (2008) 10(3) African Journal of Political Science and International Relations 396-408.

Cini, M. and Perez-Solorzano, B.N. (eds.) (2004). European Union Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Coulibaly, S. (2017), Six steps to start changing how Africa does development. Brookings. Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Draper, P & Kalaba M (2006). South African international trade diplomacy: Implications for regional integration (2006) at 37.

ECA (2018a). Overview ECA Overview From ideas to actions for a better Africa. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

ECA (2018b). Key Pillars of Africa’s Regional Integration. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

Enaifoghe, A.O (2019). South Africa's Politics of Regional Integration in SADC and its Socio-Economic Implications. Journal of African Foreign Affairs (JoAFA). Volume 6, (Issue 1), April 2019. DOI:

Enaifoghe, A.O and Adetiba T.C (2018). South African Economic Development and the SADC Subregional Integration, Journal of Economics and Behavioural Studies (JEBS). 10(1) 135-145. DOI:

Enaifoghe, A.O, and Asuelime, R. (2018). South Africa’s National Development vis-à-vis Regional Dynamics. Journal of African Foreign Affairs (JoAFA), 5(1), 147 DOI:

Enaifoghe, A.O. (2017). South Africa’s Management and Investments in SADC: A Strategy for the Implementation of its National Development (Masters Dissertation)

Ernst, H (1961) International Integration: The European and the universal process, (1961) 15 International Organization 366. DOI:

FAO. (2002). Developing country experience with the implementation of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture: Synthesis of the findings of 23 case studies, Paper No. 3, FAO Geneva Symposium on The Experience with Implementing the WTO Agreement on Agriculture and Special and Differential Treatment to Enable Developing Countries to Effectively Take Account of their Development Needs, Including Food Security and Rural Development, Geneva, 2 October 2002.

FAO. (2003). Agricultural Development Policy: Concepts and Experiences, Roger D. Norton, Rome

Geda, A., & Seid, E. H. (2015). The potential for internal trade and regional integration in Africa. Journal of African Trade, 2(1-2), 19-50. DOI:

Gibb, R. (2009). Regional Integration and Africa’s Developmental Trajectory: Meta-Theories, Expectations and Reality. Third World Quarterly, 30(4): 701-721. 34 DOI:

Jordaan, A. C. (2014). Regional integration in Africa versus higher levels of intra-Africa trade. Development Southern Africa, 31(3), 515-534. DOI:

Kayizzi?Mugerwa, S., Anyanwu, J. C., & Conceição, P. (2014). Regional Integration in Africa: An Introduction. African Development Review, 26, 1-6. DOI:

Khandelwal, P. (2004). COMESA and SADC: Prospects and challenges for regional trade integration IMF Working Paper (2004). DOI:

Leke, A. and Barton, D. (2016), 3 reasons things are looking up for African economies. 05 May, 2016

Matthews, A. (2003). Regional Integration and Food Security in Developing Countries. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, 2003

McCarthy, C. (1995). Regional integration: part of the solution or part of the problem? In Ellis, S. ed., Africa Now: People, Policies, and Institutions. London, James Currey/Portsmouth, Heinemann.

Mogalakwe, M, (2006). Research Report. The Use of Documentary Research Methods in Social Research. African Sociological Review. 10(1), 221-230.

Moyo, I. (2018). Theorising Borders in Africa: What are the Implications for African Integration? Africa Insight, 48(1), 29. DOI:

Okeke, G. S. M., & Odubajo, T. (2018). Regional Economic Groupings and Security Challenges: A Comparative Study of ECOWAS and SADC. Journal of International & Global Studies, 9(2), 111-126.

Oloruntoba, S. O. (2018). Regional Integration and Development in Africa: Rethinking Borders and Informality. Africa Insight, 48(1), 12. DOI:

Rekiso, Z. S. (2017). Rethinking regional economic integration in Africa as if industrialization mattered. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 43, 87-98. DOI:

Rosamond, B. (2000). Theories of European Integration. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd. DOI:

SADC (2012). Regional Vulnerability Assessment & Analysis Programme (Rvaa). Available: Accessed: 11-05-2019

SADC Treaty. Art 5 (1) (a) and (b), SADC Treaty, Art 5 (1) (a),(b),(g) and (I), SADC Treaty. and Art 5 (1) (a) and (b), SADC Treaty.

Thonke, O., & Spliid, A. (2012). What to expect from regional integration in Africa. African Security Review, 21(1), 42-66. DOI:

UNECA (2017). Available:

United Nations (2018). History of Africa’s Regional Integration Efforts. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

Wachira, G. (2003). Linking Peace, Security and Regional Integration in Africa. United Kingdom, Europe.

World Economic Forum, World Bank, and African Development Bank (2011). The Africa Competitiveness Report 2011. (WEF, WB, ADB)




How to Cite

Enaifoghe, A. (2023). The challenges hampering South African economic growth integration process in the sub-region. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 12(7), 235–243.



Financial and Economic Studies