The effectiveness of community policing forum in crime prevention


  • Modjatji M. Malatji Postgraduate Student, University of Limpopo, P.bag X 1106, Sovenga, 0727, South Africa
  • Khethiwe Madima Lecturer, Department of Criminal Justice, University of Venda, P. bag X5050, Thohoyandou, 0950, South Africa
  • Kholofelo A. Rakubu Associate Professor, Department of Safety and Security Management, Tshwane University of Technology, P. bag X680, Pretoria, South Africa



Community Policing, Crime Prevention, Forum, Partnership.


The National Peace Accord, signed by all major political parties in 1991, created various structures through which police accountability could be sought. In 1993, the Interim Constitution of South Africa Act 200 of 1993 formalized the establishment of the Community Police Forum (CPF) at police stations. The SAPS Act 68 of 1995 made a formal provision for a partnership between the police and the community in fulfilling the needs of the community regarding policing. CPF aims to ensure police accountability, transparency, and effectiveness in the community, promoting cooperation between the service and the community in fulfilling the community's needs regarding policing and promoting communication between the police and the community. It was established to maintain a partnership between the police and the communities, to jointly identify priorities and solve problems related to crime, disorder, fear, poor police-community relations and service delivery. Therefore, the police's new vision of policing was introduced by setting up CPF at police stations throughout the country. The implementation of community policing through CPFs has brought to bear the complexity, dynamics, and of social and political relationships at both the provincial and local levels. This paper aims to evaluate the effectiveness of CPF in crime prevention. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were employed, and data were collected from 40 community members through face-to-face survey interviews. The research revealed that CPF is ineffective in reducing crime due to the lack of resources to support its functioning. The study recommends proper and frequent communication between the police, CPF and the broader community.


Download data is not yet available.


Babbie, E., & Mouton, J. (2011). The practice of social research: South African edition. Cape Town: Oxford University Press Southern Africa.

Bednarska-Olejniczak, D., Olejniczak, J., & Svobodová, L. (2019). Towards a smart and sustainable city with the involvement of public participation—The case of Wroclaw. Sustainability, 11(2), 332. DOI:

Community Policing Consortium, Publicity Manager, & United States of America. (1994). Understanding Community Policing: A Framework for Action.

Dandurand, Y. (2014). Criminal justice reform and the system’s efficiency. Criminal Law Forum, 25(3-4), 383-440. DOI:

Evaluation of the Western Cape Community Policing Pilot Project. (1998). Braamfontein CASE, p 11. Available at (Accessed 15 November 2021).

Govender, D. (2019). Police and Society: Emerging Dimensions in South Africa. International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, 14(2), 376-391. https://DOI:10.5281/zenodo.3723998

Herbert, S. (2009). Citizens, cops, and power: Recognizing the limits of community. University of Chicago Press.

Khumalo, B. M. H. (2016). An evaluation of police service delivery to the Mamotintane Community (Doctoral dissertation).

Kiarie, J. (2012). Factors influencing implementation of community policing programmes: A case of Thika municipality in Kiambu county (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).

Ludman, B. (2010). City of Johannesburg CPF. Available from: Accessed on: 20 June 2022

Mabunda, D. Q. (2014). The challenges in establishing partnership policing in Soshanguve (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Africa).

Makondo, S. S., Mofokeng, J. T., & Khosa, D. (2021). Perspectives on Community Policing Forum in Rural Areas of Limpopo Province, South Africa. International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, 16(1), 161-185. DOI:10.5281/zenodo.4764323/

Mammus, K. (2010). Challenges and Prospects of Policing (Edo State, Nigeria in Perspective). Study Mode.

Manaliyo, Jean Claude. "Barriers to community participation in crime prevention in low income communities in Cape Town." International journal of social sciences and humanity studies 8, no. 1 (2016): 269-288.

Masuku, S., & Motlalekgosi, P. (2022). Lack of community participation in the fight against stock theft in Dr. Pixley ka Isaka Seme Municipality, South Africa: What went wrong?. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), 11(4), 267-274. DOI:

Miller, L. S., Hess, K. M., & Orthmann, C. M. (2013). Community policing: Partnerships for problem solving. Cengage Learning.

Mistry, D. (1996). The State of CPFs (CPFs) and Their Challenges. Paper presented at Crimsa/Unisa’s Third International Crime Conference, Crime and Justice in the Nineties. Pretoria: UNISA. 3-5 July.

Myint, A. B. (2019). An assessment on the effectiveness of community policing in Myanmar (Case Study: South Okkalapa Township) (Doctoral dissertation, MERAL Portal).

National Secretariat for Safety and Security. (1999). Community policing police review: Results of the pilot project, unpublished proposal document. (Accessed on 20 November 2022).

Nel, F & Beizenhout, J. (1997). Policing and Human Rights, 2nd edition. Cape Town: Juda.

Nkwenyane, E. B. (2011). Community participation in the establishment of community policing forum: a case study of Nelspruit Police Station, Mpumalanga Province (Doctoral dissertation).

Nel, P., Lieberman, S., Landman, K., Louw, A., & Robertshaw, R. (2000). A manual for community-based crime prevention: Making South Africa safe.

Oenga, D. M. (2015). Challenges facing the implementation of community policing strategy in the urban areas: a case study of Kibra sub-County, Nairobi, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).

Olofinbiyi, S. A., & Mthembu, S. S. (2020). A Criminological study evaluating the effectiveness of community police forums in rural-urban areas in South Africa. Just Africa, 5(2), 24-30.

Onwudiwe, I. D. (2009). Community policing: The case of informal policing in Nigeria. In Community Policing (pp. 97-118). Routledge. DOI:

Salomane, K. E. (2010). Role of Community Policing Forums (CPFs) in effective crime prevention in the Merafong Local Municipality Area: a critical analysis (Doctoral dissertation, North-West University).

SAPS Sector Policing 2013. Available at (Accessed 26 July 2022).

Segrave, M., & Ratcliffe, J. (2004). Community policing: A descriptive overview. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

Skogan, W. G. (2006). Police and community in Chicago: A tale of three cities. Oxford University Press, USA.

South Africa. (1996). Constitution of Republic of South Africa Act 108 of 1996. South Africa: Government Printers

South Africa. (1958). Police Act 7 of 1958. Pretoria: Government Printers

South Africa. (1965). Police Amendment Act 70 of 1965. Pretoria: Government Printers

South Africa. (2011). Provincial Gazette for KwaZulu Natal No. 389. Available at (Accessed 3 December 2019).

South Africa. (1995). South African Police Service Act 68 of 1995. Pretoria: Government Printers

South Africa. (1997). White Paper on the Transforming Public Service Delivery: Batho Pele-“People First”. Pretoria: Government Printers. Available at (Accessed 20 February 2023).

South Africa. (1998). White Paper on Safety and Security 1998. Pretoria: Government Printer




How to Cite

Malatji, M. M., Madima, K., & Rakubu, K. A. (2023). The effectiveness of community policing forum in crime prevention. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 12(6), 202–211.



Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities & Social Sciences