Survey of anti-social related encounters of unemployment in Eastern Cape, South Africa


  • Cwenga Mayekiso Walter Sisulu University
  • Emeka Obioha Walter Sisulu University



Challenges, Anti-social behaviour, Unemployment, South Africa


This paper articulates on the challenges of unemployment in Butterworth, a town in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. The objectives of the study were to investigate psychological, social and economic challenges of unemployment respectively. Keynisian theory was used to explain the unemployment situation in the study area. The study made use of quantitative approach, where 80 respondents were drawn from the target population through a stratified sampling technique. Data collected from survey (questionnaire) were analysed with appropriate tools in the Statistics Package for Social Sciences. Demographically, the majority of the sample were females, people between the ages of 18-23, all of African race, were never married, had a diploma, were unemployed for more than three years and said they had not look for work in three weeks. The most prevalent feeling by the unemployed was disappointment and frustration, which according to them led them to engage in anti-social behaviour, especially being dishonest in many occasions and use of alcohol. The biggest social challenge among them include, not getting the expected support from family and friends. They face many economic challenges, in which they are unable and sometimes struggle to have money to apply for jobs or buy clothes. This study made recommendations on how to overcome the challenges of unemployment in the study area


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Author Biographies

Cwenga Mayekiso, Walter Sisulu University

Mr Cwenga Mayekiso is a Postgraduate Researcher, Department of Social Sciences, Walter Sisulu University

Emeka Obioha, Walter Sisulu University

Prof Emeka E. Obioha is a full Professor of Sociology and Chair of Research and Higher Degrees in the Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences and Law at Walter Sisulu University, South Africa. He holds a PhD degree from University of Ibadan, and professional membership/fellowships of two Chartered Institutes. Emeka is a distinguished scholar, Research Laureate, recipient of distinctive awards and international fellowships across continents. He has supervised several doctoral and masters’ candidates, published extensively in his field and serves as Editor –in- Chief of some international peer reviewed journals. With extensive expertise in development capabilities, social problems, deviance, social control and systems equilibrium analysis, Emeka has consulted for some African governments and a number of international development agencies working in Africa. He is a United Nations (UN) Expert in social and development affairs, member of United Nations Office of the Special Adviser on Africa (UN-OSAA) – Knowledge Network, among other international community development engagements.



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How to Cite

Mayekiso, C., & Obioha, E. (2022). Survey of anti-social related encounters of unemployment in Eastern Cape, South Africa. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 11(5), 335–343.



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