The impact of Islamic work ethics and transformational leadership on job performance with mediating role of intrinsic motivation

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v11i3.1779

Keywords:

Islamic Work Ethics, Job Performance, Transformational Leadership, Intrinsic Motivation.

Abstract

This research examines and analyzes the impact of Islamic Work Ethics and Transformational Leadership on Job Performance with Mediating Role of Intrinsic Motivation. The method used in this research is the Quantitative method through questionnaire responses. 40 respondents are used as a sample of this research. The data analysis method of this research is Structural Equation Model (SEM) which utilize Partial Least Square (PLS). The results of the data analytics in this research are: (1) The Islamic Work Ethic do not have any positive significant impact on Job Performance. (2) Islamic Work Ethic do not have any positive significant impact on the Intrinsic Motivation. (3) Transformational Leadership has a positive significant impact on Job Performance. (4) Transformational Leadership has a positive significant impact on Intrinsic Motivation. (5) Intrinsic Motivation has a positive significant impact on Job Performance. (6) Intrinsic Motivation does not mediate the relations between Islamic Work Ethics and Job Performance. (7) Intrinsic Motivation mediates the relations between Transformational Leadership and Job Performance

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aflah, K. N., Suharnomo, S., Mas’ud, F., & Mursid, A. (2021). Islamic Work Ethics and Employee Performance: The Role of Islamic Motivation, Affective Commitment, and Job Satisfaction. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 8(1), 997–1007. https://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2021.vol8.no1.997

Al-Douri, J. A., Aldabbagh, I., Mohammad, M. M., & Qawasmeh, R. A. A. (2020). The impact of Islamic work ethics on Job Performance with mediating role of intrinsic motivation. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 19(2), 1–11.

Aldulaimi Saeed, H. (2016). Fundamental Islamic perspective of work ethics. Journal of Islamiic Accounting and Business Research, 7(1), 59–76. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIABR-02-2014-0006.

Ali, A. J., & Al-Owaihan, A. (2008). Islamic work ethic: A critical review. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 15(1), 5–19. https://doi.org/10.1108/ 13527600810848791.

Al-Khasawneh, A.L., Al-Jammal, H.R., & Al-Khasawneh, M. (2015). Human resources stature from the Islamic perspective: Deductive analytical study from Qur'an. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 5(12), 241-262. http://dx.doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v5-i12/1947

Arslan, M., Dermirel, H., & Kokaraslan, H. (2021). A theoretical analysis on a peace culture model in the workplace. International Journal of Business Ecosystem & Strategy (2687-2293), 3(2), 29–40. https://doi.org/10.36096/ijbes.v3i2.254

Arslan, M. (2020). The work ethic of medieval Muslim Ahi brotherhood: A comparison with Catholic and Puritan work ethics. Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), 2(2), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v2i2.201

Bass, B. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press

Beekun, R.I. (1997), Islamic Business Ethics, Islami Kotob

Burns, J.M. (1978), Leadership, Harper and Row, New York, NY.

Deci, E. L., & R. M. J. J. o. r. i. p. Ryan (1985). The general causality orientations scale. Self-determination in personality, 19(2), 109-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-6566(85)90023-6

Deci, E. L., Connell, J. P. and Ryan, R. M. (1989). Self-determination in a work organization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74(4), 580-590. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.74.4.580

Eliyana, A., Ma’arif, S., & Muzakki. (2019). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment effect in the transformational leadership towards employee performance. European Research on Management and Business Economics, 25(3), 144–150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iedeen.2019.05.001

Fauzan, F., & Tyasari, I. (2012). Pengaruh Religiusitas Dan Etika Kerja Islami Terhadap Motivasi Kerja. Jurnal Ekonomi Modernisasi, 8(3), 206-232.

Gheitani, A., Imani, S., Seyyedamiri, N., & Foroudi, P. (2019). Mediating effect of intrinsic motivation on the relationship between Islamic work ethic, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment in banking sector. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 12(1), 76–95. https://doi.org/10.1108/ IMEFM-01-2018-0029

Ghozali, I, & Latan H., (2015). Konsep, Teknik, Aplikasi Menggunakan Smart PLS 3.0 Untuk Penelitian Empiris. Badan Penerbit UNDIP. Semarang

Grant, A. M. (2008) Does intrinsic motivation fuel the prosocial fire? Motivational synergy in predicting persistence, performance, and productivity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93 (1), 48-58. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.93.1.48

Hassi, A., Balambo, M. A., & Aboramadan, M. (2021). Impacts of spirituality, intrinsic religiosity and Islamic work ethics on employee performance in Morocco: the mediating role of intrinsic motivation. Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, 12(3), 439–456. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIABR-05-2020-0131.

Howell, J. M., & Hall-Merenda, K. E. (1999). The ties that bind: The impact of leader-member exchange, transformational and transactional leadership, and distance on predicting follower performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84(5), 680. https://doi.org/ 10.1037/0021- 9010.84.5.680.

Jex, M. (2002). Organizational Psychology. A scientist-practioner approach. John Willey & Sons.

K, J. and Ranjit, G. (2020). Effect of transformational leadership on job performance: testing the mediating role of corporate social responsibility, Journal of Advances in Management Research, 17(5), 605-625. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAMR-05-2020-0068.

Kasser, T., & Ryan, R. M. (1996). Further examining the American dream: Differential correlates of intrinsic and extrinsic goals. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 22(3), 280-287. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167296223006.

Khan, K., Abbas, M., Gul, A., & Raja, U. (2015). Organizational justice and job outcomes: Moderating role of Islamic work ethic. Journal of Business Ethics, 126(2), 235-246. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-013-1937-2

Laksmana, G. B., & Riana, I. G. (2020). Intrinsic Motivation Mediates the Influence of Transformational Leadership on The Employee Performance. American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research (AJHSSR), 5, 90–96.

Lee, C. W., & Hidayat, N. (2018). The influence of transformational leadership and intrinsic motivation to employee performance. Advances in Management and Applied Economics, 8(2), 1-12.

Longshore, J.M. & Bass, B.M. (1987). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. Academy of Management Review, 12(4), 756, https://doi.org/10.2307/258081

Minh-Duc, L. and Huu-Lam, N. (2019). Transformational leadership, customer citizenship behavior, employee intrinsic motivation, and employee creativity, Journal of Asian Business and Economic Studies, 26(2), 286-300. https://doi.org/10.1108/JABES-10-2018-0070

Mohammad, J., Quoquab, F., Idris, F., Al-Jabari, M., Hussin, N., and Wishah, R., 2018. The relationship between Islamic work ethic and workplace outcome: A partial least squares approach. Personnel Review. 47 (7), 1286-1308. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-05-2017-0138

Obeidat, B. Y., & Tarhini, A. (2016). A Jordanian empirical study of the associations among transformational leadership, transactional leadership, knowledge sharing, job performance, and firm performance: A structural equation modeling approach. Journal of Management Development, 35(5), 681-705. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMD-09-2015-0134.

Prasetya, PWY (2019). Pengaruh Gaya Kepemimpinan Transformasional Terhadap Intensi Keluar dari Dimediasi Oleh Tujuan Kerja Pada Karyawan.E-Jurnal Manajemen Unud, 8(4), 2042 – 2070. https://doi.org/10.24843/EJMUNUD.2019.v08.i04.p06

Raza, S., Minai, M.S., Zain, A.Y.M., Tariq, T.A., & Khuwaja, F.M. (2018). Dissection of small businesses in Pakistan: Issues and directions. International Journal of Entrepreneurship. 22(4), 1-13.

Rita, M., Randa Payangan, O., Rante, Y., Tuhumena, R. and Erari, A. (2018). Moderating effect of organizational citizenship behavior on the effect of organizational commitment, transformational leadership and work motivation on employee performance, International Journal of Law and Management, Vol. 60 No. 4, pp. 953-964. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLMA-03-2017-0026

Robbins, Stephen P. (2003) Organizational Behavior vol 1, PT Index of Gramedia group, Prenhallindo, Jakarta.

Rokhman, W. (2016). Islamic Work Ethic as an Antecedent of Work Outcomes: a Study of Islamic Microfinance in Central Java, Indonesia. QIJIS (Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies), 2(1), 82–97. Retrieved from https://journal.iainkudus.ac.id/index.php/QIJIS/article/view/1519

Rokhman, W. (2010). The Effect of Islamic Work Ethics on Work Outcomes. JBO - Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies, 15(1) 21-27. Retrieved from http://ejbo.jyu.fi

Ryan, J. C., & Tipu, S. A. (2016). An empirical alternative to Sidani and Thornberry's (2009) 'current Arab work ethic': examining the multidimensional work ethic profile in an Arab context. Journal of business ethics, 135(1), 177-198 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-014-2481-4

Ryan, R., and L. Deci. (2000). Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New direction. https://doi.org/10.1006/ceps.1999.1020

Shahhosseini, M., Silong, A.D., & Ismail, I.A. (2013). Relationship between transactional, transformational leadership styles, emotional intelligence and job performance. Researchers World, 4, 15.

Shin, Y., Hur, W. M., Moon, T. W., & Lee, S. (2019). A motivational perspective on job insecurity: Relationships between job insecurity, intrinsic motivation, and performance and behavioral outcomes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101812

Siddiqui, D. A., & Rida, N. ul. (2019). Impact of Motivation on Employees Performance in Pakistan. Business Management and Strategy, https://doi.org/10.5296/bms.v10i1.14448

Tohardi, A. (2002). Practical understanding of human resource management (in Indonesian pemahaman praktis manajemen sumber daya manusia), University of Tanjung Pura, Mandar Maju, Bandung.

Tore, E. (2019). An Examination of the Mediating Role of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour on the Effect of Intrinsic Motivation on Job Performance of Teachers. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Science Studies, 4(2).

Ud Din, M., Khan, F., Khan, U., Kadarningsih, A., & Astuti6, S. D. (2019). Effect of Islamic Work Ethics on Job Performance: Mediating Role of Intrinsic Motivation. International Journal of Islamic Business Ethics, 4(2), 676. https://doi.org/10.30659/ijibe.4.2.676-688

Van der Walt, F. (2016). Work ethics of different generational cohorts in South Africa. African Journal of Business Ethics, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.15249/10-1-101

Yiyit, T., & Arslan, M. (2020). Analysing organisational culture and social behaviour patterns: An exploratory case study . International Journal of Business Ecosystem & Strategy (2687-2293), 2(3), 20–27. https://doi.org/10.36096/ijbes.v2i3.210

Downloads

Published

2022-04-30

How to Cite

Nurfaizi, , M. I. ., & Muafi, M. (2022). The impact of Islamic work ethics and transformational leadership on job performance with mediating role of intrinsic motivation. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 11(3), 120–129. https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v11i3.1779

Issue

Section

Organizational Culture, Leadership and Human Resources Management