Personnel Reform: Perspectives on Civil Servants Promotion in Indonesia

Authors

  • Syarif Ali Universitas Pembangunan Nasional "Veteran" Jakarta https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9574-2426
  • Agus Kusmana Universitas Pembangunan Nasional "Veteran" Jakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v11i3.1729

Keywords:

Promotion, Employment, Rank, Reform

Abstract

This study aims to identify problems in the implementation of bureaucratic reform in the field of employment, especially civil servants’ promotion. This study is carried out using a qualitative approach with the case study method. The data collection technique is done using observation, documentation study, and interviews with two key informants. The data is then analyzed in several stages, namely data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing. The findings indicate that there is an injustice and non-transparent phenomenon in civil servants’ promotion, especially in the initial promotion, promotion by extraordinary work performance, and promotion by graduation certificate. This condition has the potential to cause corruption, collusion, and nepotism, and might reduce employee performance in providing public service.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ali, M. D. (2017). The Transformation of Merit System in Indonesian Civil Servants. International Journal of Management and Administrative Sciences (IJMAS), 20-28.

Amstrong, M. (2004). Employee Reward. Trowbridge, Wiltshire: CIPD.

Aruan, D. C. (2015). HRM Reform in the Indonesian Civil Service: Towards Strategic Fit? Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 49-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.008

Bari, N. A. (2013). Impact of Non-Financial Rewards on Employee Attitude and Performance in the Workplace. A Case Study of Business Institute of Karachi. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, Pakistan., 2554-2559.

Baquero, S., & Pérez, L. (2021). Implications of the Reform to the Colombian Health System in Employment Conditions, Working Conditions and Mental Health Status of the Health Workers: A Systematic Literature Review. In Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems (Vol. 222 LNNS, pp. 13–20). Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH.

Budiyanto, N. M. (2005). Konstruksi Model Sistem Manajemen Pegawai. “Dialogue” JIAKP, 759-771.

Bustamam, L. F. (2014). Reward management and job satisfaction among frontline employees in hotel industry in Malaysia. Procedia, Social and Behavioral Sciences, 392-402. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.308

Darmawan, D. M. (2021). The Quality of Human Resources, Job Performance, Employee loyalty. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 2580-2592. https://doi.org/10.37200/IJPR/V24I3/PR201903.

Daruich, D., Addario, S. D., & Saggio, R. (2017). The Effects of Partial Employment Protection Reforms: Evidence from Italy. Working Paper.

Daryanto, A. (2007, November). Merit System Dalam Manajemen Pegawai Negeri Sipil. Jurnal kebijakan dan Manajemen PNS, pp. 1-10.

Dongil, K. E. (2021). Perbandingan Manajemen Pegawai Negeri Sipil Indonesia dan. Public Inspiration: Jurnal Administrasi Publik, 66-73. https://doi.org/10.22225/pi.6.1.2021.66-73

Effendi, S. (2015). Sisi gelap lelang jabatan di pemerintah saat ini. http://www.kasn.go.id/berita-media/25-sisi-gelap-lelang-jabatan-di-pemerintah-saat.

Gungor, P. (2011). The Relationship between Reward Management System and Employee Performance with the Mediating Role of. Procedia Social and Behavior Science, 1510-1520. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.09.029

Harunavamwe, M. (2013). The Impact Monetary and Non-Monetary Rewards on Motivation among Lower-Level Employees in Selected Retai Shop. African Journal of Business Management, 3929-3935. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJBM2012.1381

Hermawan, E. (2020). Pengaruh Iklim Organisasi Dan Pengembangan Karir Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Serta Dampaknya Pada Kualitas Pelayanan. Jurnal Dialogika Manajemen dan Administrasi, 86-95.

Idrus, M. (2006). Mplikasi Iklim Organisasi Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Dan Kualitas Kehidupan Kerja Karyawan. Jurnal Psikologi Universitas Diponegoro, 64-406. https://doi.org/10.14710/ jpu.3.1.94 - 106

Kleinbeck, T. Q. (1990). Work Motivation. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate, Publisher.

Krissetyanti, E. P. L. (2018). Gender bias on structural job promotion of civil servants in Indonesia (a case study on job promotion to upper echelons of civil service in the provincial government of the special region of Yogyakarta). Competition and Cooperation in Social and Political Sciences, 73-81.

Kumar, D. H. (2015). Impact of Non-Financial Rewards on Employee. Asian Accounting and Auditing Advancement, 31-39.

Lee, C.K. (2018). The politicization of senior civil service in Korea: a human resource management perspective. Asian Education and Development Studies, 7(4), 412-425. https://doi.org/ 10.1108/AEDS-11-2017-0114

Malik, E. M. (2010). Impact of Motivation to Learn and Job Attitudes on. South Asian Studies, 217-235.

Miles, M. B. (2015). Analisis Data Kualitatif. Jakarta: University Press.

Nugroho, N. B. (2017). Strategi Merencanakan Karir Dengan Memahami Tiga Pilar Pengembangan Karir PNS. Jurnal Lingkar Widyaiswara, 14-23.

Nyandema, C. O. (2014). Role of Reward Systems in Employee Motivation in Kenyan Deposit Taking Micro Finance and Entrepreneursip, A case Study of Faulu Kenya. International Journal of Social Sciences Management and Entrepreneurship, 203-220.

Park, J. (2011). Direction And Strategies For Indonesian Bureacracy Reform: Lesson From Korea. In Governance Reform in Indonesia and Korea : A comparative Perspective (pp. 131-164). Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Pierskalla, J. H., Lauretig, A., Rosenberg, A. S., & Sacks, A. (2021). Democratization and Representative Bureaucracy: An Analysis of Promotion Patterns in Indonesia's Civil Service, 1980–2015. American Journal of Political Science, 65(2), 261-277. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajps.12536.

Prasojo, E. (2010). Reformasi Kepegawaian Indonesia:Sebuah Review Dan Kritik. Jurnal Kebijakan Manajemen PNS, 36-49.

Rasul, I., & Rogger, D. (2018). Management of bureaucrats and public service delivery: Evidence from the nigerian civil service. The Economic Journal, 128(608), 413-446. https://doi.org/10.1111/ ecoj.12418

Rasul, I., Rogger, D., & Williams, M. J. (2021). Management, organizational performance, and task clarity: Evidence from ghana’s civil service. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 31(2), 259-277. https://doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muaa034

Rohayatin, T. W. (2017). Faktor Penyebab Belum Optimalnya Kualitas Penyelenggaraan Pelayanan Publik Dalam Birokrasi Pemerintahan. JurnalCarakaPrabu, 22-36. https://doi.org/10.36859/jcp.v1i01.50

Savira, M. E. (2009). Reforming Training System for The Indonesian Civil Servants. Jakarta.

Schindler, P. S. (2019). Business Research Methods (Thirteen Edition). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Thoha, M. (2007). Birokrasi dan Politik Indonesia. Depok: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada.

Thoha, M. (2016). Manajemen Kepegawaia Sipil di indonesia. Jakarta: Kencana - Divisi dari Prenadmedia Group.

Tjiptoherijanto, P. (2014). Reform of the Indonesian Civil Service: Racing with Decentralization. Working Paper in Economics and Busines, 1-10.

Toyibah, D. (2018). The gender gap and career path of the academic profession under the civil service system at a religious university in Jakarta, Indonesia. Komunitas: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture, 10(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.12228

Wibawa, S. (2005). Reformasi Administrasi. Yogyakarta: Gava Media.

Yousaf, S. L. (2014). Impact of Financial and non-Financial on Employee Motivation. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 1776-1786. https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2014.21.10.21756

Zuang. (2022). Data Modelling in Human Resource Management: Influencing Factors of Employees’ Job Satisfaction. Hindawi, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/3588822

Downloads

Published

2022-04-30

How to Cite

Ali, S., & Kusmana, A. (2022). Personnel Reform: Perspectives on Civil Servants Promotion in Indonesia. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 11(3), 141–150. https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v11i3.1729

Issue

Section

Organizational Culture, Leadership and Human Resources Management