Beneficiaries’ attitudes towards resources withdrawal for selected donor-funded agriculture-related projects in Tanzania

A social cognitive theory perspective

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v11i3.1710

Keywords:

Withdrawal, attitude, sustainability, self-efficacy, outcome expectancies.

Abstract

The study, using a comparative case study design, explored the attitude of local direct beneficiaries concerning the cessation of resources for two donor-funded agriculture-related projects in Tanzania from a Social Cognitive Theory perspective. Using a 5-point Likert Scale, data from 274 respondents were collected and analysed. Before data analysis, validity and reliability tests were performed and determined to be good. Descriptive statistics including percentages and frequencies were done. Additionally, a chi-square test was done to establish the association between variables. The findings show that local beneficiaries with higher self-efficacy and wider outcome expectancies had a positive attitude as opposed to their counterparts. Also, a positive significant relationship existed between self-efficacy and attitude (P<0.01) and between outcome expectancies and attitudes (P<0.05). Equipping local beneficiaries with the competencies needed to solve problems on their own and the continued functioning of VBAAs can aid local beneficiaries in maintaining a positive attitude post-project resources withdrawal. The study recommends that a transition phase is critical for project implementers to solidify benefits and benefit-enhancing behaviours. Also promoting community-based extension services by institutionalising VBAAs within the LGAs should be given a priority for enhancing sustainability.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abed, R., Sseguya, H., Flock, J., Mruma, S. & Mwango, H. (2020). An evolving agricultural extension model for lasting impact: How willing are Tanzanian farmers to pay for extension services? Sustainability, 12(8473), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208473.

Ajzen I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behaviour. Kuhl, Beckman (eds.) Action-Control: From Cognition to Behaviour. Springer Verlag. Heidelberg, 11-39.

Ajzen, I. (1988). Attitude, Personality and Behaviour. Milton Keynes, Open University Press. 191.

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behaviour. Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211.

Assenga, E. A. & Kayunze, K. A. (2016). Food security incidences based on dietary energy consumption, dietary diversity and household food insecurity access scale I Chamwino district, Tanzania. International Journal of Asian Social Sciences, 6(11), 644-658. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.1/2016.6.11/1.11.644.658.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The Exercise of Control. New York: Freeman. 604

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annu. Rev. Psychol., 52, 1–26.

Bello, A. R.S., Allajabou, H. A. & Baig, M. B. (2015). Attitudes of rural youth towards agriculture as an occupation: A case study from Sudan. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 4(4), 415-424.

Chaiklin, H. (2011). Attitudes, behaviour, and social practice. The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 38(1), 31–54.

Chowdhury, M. R. (2021). 4 ways to improve and increase and improve self-efficacy. Accessed on 14/12/2021 from https://positivepsychology.com/3-ways-build-self-efficacy

Chuang, J., Wang, J. & Liou, Y. (2020). Farmers’ knowledge, attitude, and adoption of smart agriculture technology in Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 17(7236), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197236.

Creswell, J. W. & Plano Clark, V. L. (2011). Designing and Conducting Mixed methods research. (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Davis, N. & Sankar, M. (2006). A practice review of UNESCO’s exit and transition strategies. Accessed on 3/12/2019 from https://unesdoc.unesco.org

Eccles, J.S. & Wigfield, A. (2002). Motivational beliefs, values, and goals. Annual Review of Psychology, 53(1), 109–132.

Fakoya, O.E. Agbonlahor, M.U. & Dipeolu A.O. (2007). The attitude of women farmers towards sustainable land management practices in South-Western Nigeria. World J. Agric. Sci., 3(4), 536-542.

Fishbein, M. & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Frymier, A. B. & Nadler, M. K. (2017). Persuasion: Integrating theory, research, and practice, 4th Edition, Kendall Hunt Publishing Company. 375.

Gulali, N. (2018). The World Bank in Africa: An analysis of World Bank aid and programs in Africa and their impact. Accessed on 5/1/2022 from http://www.realityofaid.org › uploads › 2018/12

Hair, Jr J. F., Gabriel, M. L. D. S., da Silver, D. & Junior, S. B. (2019). Development and validation of attitudes measurement scales: fundamental and practical aspect. RASP Management Journal, 54(4), 491–507. https://doi.org/10.1108/RAUSP-05-2019-0098.

Hofisi, C. (2013). The sustainability of donor-funded projects in Malawi. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(6), 705–714. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n6p705.

INTRAC (2012). Aid withdrawal, partnership and CSO sustainability in a time of global economic change – Background Paper.

Khanpae, M., Karami, E., Meleksaeid, H. & Keshavarz, M. (2019). Farmers’ attitude towards using treated wastewater for irrigation: The question of sustainability. Journal of cleaner production, 243(118541). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118541.

Kansiime, M. K., Bundi, M., Nicodemus, J., Ochieng, J., Marandu, D., Njau, S. S., Kessy, R. F., Williams, F., Karanja, D., Tambo, J. A. & Romney, D. (2021). Assessing sustainability factors of farmer seed production: A case of the Good Seed Initiative Project in Tanzania. Agric & Food Security, 10(15), 1–10.

Komba, N. C., Mlozi, M. R. S. & Mvena, Z. S. K. (2019). Demystification of administrative de-linking: Farmers’ access to agricultural extension information and service delivery in Arumeru District, Tanzania. International Journal of Agriculture Extension and Rural Development 7(1), 692 – 700.

Kothari, C.R. (2004). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. 2nd Edition, New Age International Publishers, New Delhi.

Lacy, P. Arnott, J. & Lowitt, E. (2009). The challenge of integrating sustainability into talent and organization strategies: investing in the knowledge, skills and attitudes to achieve high performance. Corporate Governance, 9(4), 484–494. https://doi.org/10.1108/14720700910985025.

Lee, H. (2017). Exit strategy for aid programmes: Planning exit before entering. International Journal of Social Science Studies, 5(7), 22–28. https://doi:10.11114/ijsss.v5i7.2427.

Levinger, B. & McLeod, J. (2002). Hello, I Must Be Going: Ensuring Quality Services and Sustainable Benefits through Well-designed Exit Strategies. Newton, MA: Education Development Centre Inc. 22pp.

Lungo, M. P, Mavole, J. & Martin, O. (2017). Determinants of project sustainability beyond donor support: Case of CARITAS Norway supported governance project in Mansa Diocese, Zambia. Arts and Social Sciences Journal, 8(3), 1-9.

https://doi.org/10.4172/2151-6200.1000278.

Maddux, J. (2012). Self-Efficacy: The power of believing you can. In: The Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology (2nd ed) (Edited by. Lopez, S. J. and Snyder, C.R.). Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Mjema, M. W. J. (2017). Sustainability of community-based government-funded Agricultural infrastructure projects in Tanzania: A case of DADP community investment sub-projects in Korogwe District. Thesis for Award of the Doctor of Philosophy Degree of Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania, 189 pp.

Mkomagi, J. V. & Mwaseba, D. L. (2013). Effectiveness of exit strategies on the sustainability of development projects in Tanzania: A case study of selected World Vision projects in Bahi District. Rural Planning Journal, 15(2): 28–41.

Mlage, F. V. (2014). Sustainability of donor-funded community development projects in Tanzania: A case of farmer groups investment sub-projects in Morogoro district. A dissertation for the award of master’s degree at the Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania. 76.

Muluh, N., Kimengsi, J. N. & Azibo, N. K. (2019). Challenges and prospects of sustaining donor-funded projects in rural Cameroon. Sustainability, 11(6990), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11246990.

Ndombi, C. L., Kyalo, D. N. & Mulwa, A. S. (2020). Influence of support service linkage strategies on sustainability of donor-funded livelihood projects in Kilifi County, Kenya. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science, 9(4), 404-418. https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v9i4.771.

Nenty, H. J. (2009). Writing a quantitative research thesis. International Journal of Educational Sciences, 1(1), 19-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/09751122.2009.11889972.

Ogunsumi, L. M. (2011). (Attitude of farmers towards improved agricultural technologies in southwest Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(50), 10108-10115.

Olujide, M. G. (2008). The attitude of youth towards rural development projects in Lagos State, Nigeria. J. Soc. Sci. 17(2), 163-167. https://doi.org/10.1080/09718923.2008.11892646.

O’Shea, R., O’Donoghue C., Ryan M. & Breen, J. (2018). Understanding farmers: From adoption to attitudes. In Proceedings of the 166th EAAE Seminar: Sustainability in the Agri-Food Sector, August 30-31, 2018, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

Perry, V. & Davenport, M.A. (2020). An inductive framework of self-efficacy to understand and support farmers in conservation agriculture. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 75(2), 98–208. https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.75.2.198.

Rogers, B. L. & Macías, E. K. (2004). Programme Graduation and Exit Strategies: Title II Programme Experiences and Related Research. Washington: FANTA. 43.

Ruiz-Miranda, C. R., Vilchis, L. I. & Swaisgood, R. R. (2020). Exit strategies for wildlife conservation: Why they are rare and why every institution needs one. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, (10), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.2163.

Tuckman, W. (1999). A Tripartite Model of Motivation for Achievement: Attitude/Drive/Strategy. In Proceedings of the Symposium: Motivational Factors Affecting Student Achievement – Current Perspectives. Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, August 1999, Boston, United States.

URT (2013). National Agriculture Policy. Government Printers, Dar es Salaam.

Yang, Y., Chen, J., Yu, Z., Li, P. and Li X. (2020). How Does Improve Farmers’ Attitudes toward Ecosystem Services to Support Sustainable Development of Agriculture? Based on Environmental Kuznets Curve Theory. Sustainability, 12, 8655. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208655.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-30

How to Cite

Mkomagi, J., Mosha, D., & Ahmad, A. (2022). Beneficiaries’ attitudes towards resources withdrawal for selected donor-funded agriculture-related projects in Tanzania: A social cognitive theory perspective. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 11(3), 206–216. https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v11i3.1710

Issue

Section

Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities & Social Sciences