The effect of safety knowledge and workplace safety climate on safety performance with safety behavior as a mediator

A study on operations worker of Pindad




Safety knowledge, workplace safety climate, safety behavior, safety performance


This research examines the effect of safety knowledge and Workplace Safety Climate on safety performance mediated by worker safety behavior in the defense product manufacturing industry in Indonesia using PT Pindad as a research site. Occupational health and safety (K3) are one of the most important aspects of a company's production operations. No matter how good the quality or productivity of a company, it will be meaningless if there are problems regarding the value of K3 in its operations so that the K3 aspect cannot be ruled out. Safety knowledge of workers and creating a safety climate are able to achieve good safety performance. This study also measures the mediating effect of safety behavior in the causal relationship between safety knowledge and safety climate on safety performance. Questionnaires were distributed to 160 permanent employees. Then, Partial Least Squares are used to test the proposed hypothesis. The results showed that the safety knowledge variable was significantly related to the safety performance variable, with a count of 2.097, and the safety climate variable was significantly related to the safety performance variable, with an account of 2.243. The safety behavior variable mediates the effect of the safety knowledge variable on the safety performance variable, with a count of 2,607, and the safety behavior variable mediates the effect of the safety climate variable on the safety performance variable, with an account value of 2.094.


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How to Cite

Putra, P. S., Wijayanti, R., & Hadiwidjojo, D. (2022). The effect of safety knowledge and workplace safety climate on safety performance with safety behavior as a mediator: A study on operations worker of Pindad. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 11(3), 112–119.



Organizational Culture, Leadership and Human Resources Management