The measurement model of Islamic work ethics for Muslim employees in the banking industry
Keywords:Islamic Work Ethics, religiousness, equality, work obligation
Islamic work ethics of Muslim employees is substantial, as many previous studies show its role in the sound performance of the employees. This study aims to propose the measurement model of Islamic work ethics for Muslim employees in the banking industry. This study identifies eight dimensions of Islamic work ethics upon intensive literature review: religiousness, collectivity, equality, effort, quality, work obligation, competition, and advantage. Based on these dimensions and through certain systematic stages, this study develops a measurement consisting of 47 items. The contribution of this study is to provide a more suitable measurement that can be used by following empirical research to assess the profile of Islamic work ethics for Muslim employees, both for Islamic banking and conventional banking.
Abdi, O. S., & Ibrahim, A. H. A. (2009). The concept of Itqan and culture in Muslim professional life. A.O. Shuriye, A.F Ismail and A.D Dahalan@Ghazali, Ethics of Engineering Education, Selangor: IIUM Press. 99–105. http://irep.iium.edu.my/1250/
Abeng, T. (1997). Business ethics in Islamic context: Perspectives of a Muslim business leader. Business Ethics Quarterly, 7(3), 47–54. https://doi.org/10.2307/3857312
Abu-Saad, I. (2003). The work values of Arab teachers in Israel in a multicultural context. Journal of Beliefs and Values, 24(1), 39–51. https://doi.org/10.1080/1361767032000052980
Al-Sheha, A.-R. (2010). Human rights in Islam and common misconceptions. A. A. Boulter & A. Murad (eds.); Revised Ed). Abu Salman Deya Ud-Deen. http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/research/Egypt/HumanRightsinI-slam.pdf
Ali, A. J. (1988). Scaling an Islamic work ethic. Journal of Social Psychology, 128(5), 575-583.
Ali, A. J., & Al-Kazemi, A. A. (2007). Islamic work ethic in Kuwait. Cross-Cultural Management: An International Journal, 14(2), 93–104. https://doi.org/10.1108/13527600710745714
Ali, A. J., & Al-Owaihan, A. (2008). Islamic work ethic: A critical review. Cross-Cultural Management: An International Journal, 15(1), 5–19. https://doi.org/10.1108/13527600810848791
Andriana, N. (2015). Ihsan dan Itqan dalam beramal. Hidayatullah. https://www.hidayatullah.com/kajian/gaya-hidup-muslim/read/2015/07/30/74773/ihsan-dan-itqan-dalam-beramal.html
Beekun, R. I. (1997). Islamic Business Ethics. International Institute of Islamic Thought. http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctvk8w1zv
Berings, D., De Fruyt, F., & Bouwen, R. (2004). Work values and personality traits as predictors of enterprising and social vocational interests. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(2), 349–364. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00101-6
Clarke, O. (1983). The work ethic: an international perspective. In J. Barbash, R. Lampman, S. A. Levitan, & G. Tyler (Eds.), The work ethic—A critical analysis (pp. 121–150).
Hafidhuddin, D. (2011). Ihsan dan Itqan-lah dalam Mengemban Tugas. Republika Daily, https://www.republika.co.id/berita/dunia-islam/hikmah/11/05/06/lkrbfx-ihsan-dan-itqanlah-dalam-mengemban-tugas. Accessed: November 28, 2020
Ibrahim, A., & Kamri, A. (2013). Measuring the Islamic Work Ethics: An Alternative. International Convention on Islamic Management At Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.2768.0725
Idris, K. M., Bidin, Z., & Saad, R. A. J. (2012). Islamic religiosity measurement and its relationship with business income zakat compliance behavior. Jurnal Pengurusan, 34(June), 3–10. https://doi.org/10.17576/pengurusan-2012-34-01
Kamaluddin, N., & Manan, S. K. A. (2010). The conceptual framework of Islamic work ethic. Management & Accounting Review (MAR), [S.l.], 9( 2), 57-70. http://arionline.uitm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/MAR/article/view/241/156
Khadijah, Si. A. ., Kamaluddin, N., & Salin, A. S. A. . (2015). Islamic Work Ethics ( IWE ) Practice among Employees of Banking Sectors Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies (ACIS) and Accounting Research Institute ( ARI ), Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies ( ACIS ),. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research, 23(5), 924–931. https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2015.23.05.22173
Kumar, N., & Rose, R. C. (2010). Examining the link between Islamic work ethic and innovation capability. Journal of Management Development, 29(1), 79–93. https://doi.org/10.1108/02621711011009081
Lim, D. H., Woehr, D. J., You, Y. M., & Allen Gorman, C. (2007). The translation and development of a short form of the Korean language version of the multidimensional work ethic profile. Human Resource Development International, 10(3), 319–331. https://doi.org/10.1080/13678860701515406
Moin, M. S. (2008). Performance of Islamic banking and conventional banking in Pakistan: A comparative study [Univeristy of Skovde]. http://www.financialislam.com/uploads/3/8/5/3/3853592/pakistan.pdf
Mookherjee, H. N. (1994). Effects of religiosity and selected variables on the perception of well-being. The Journal of Social Psychology, 134(3), 403–405. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1994.9711748
Murtaza, G., Abbas, M., Raja, U., Roques, O., Khalid, A., & Mushtaq, R. (2016). Impact of Islamic Work Ethics on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors and Knowledge-Sharing Behaviors. Journal of Business Ethics, 133(2), 325–333. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-014-2396-0
Mustapha, R. (2016). Does Islamic Religiosity Influence The Cheating Intention Among Malaysian Muslim Students? A modified Theory of Planned Behavior. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 6(12), 389–406. https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v6-i12/2504
Olufadi, Y. (2017). Muslim Daily Religiosity Assessment Scale (MUDRAS): A new instrument for Muslim religiosity research and practice. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 9(2), 165–179. https://doi.org/10.1037/rel0000074
Otoritas jasa Keuangan. (2019). Statistik Perbankan Indonesia Desember 2019. https://ojk.go.id
Rizk, R. R. (2008). Back to basics: An Islamic perspective on business and work ethics. Social Responsibility Journal, 4(March 2008), 246–254. https://doi.org/10.1108/17471110810856992
Rokhman, W. (2010). The Effect of Islamic Work Ethics on Work Outcomes. Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies, 15(1), 21. http://ejbo.jyu.fi/
Samad, S. (2003). The contribution of Islamic work ethics and organizational factors on employees' organizational commitment. 626–637. https://www.ums.edu.my/fpep/files/63_OS_2003.pdf
Sims, R. R., & Brinkmann, J. (2003). Enron Ethics (Or: Culture Matters More than Codes). Journal of Business Ethics, 45, 243–256. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024194519384
Yousef, D. A. (2000). Organizational commitment as a mediator of the relationship between Islamic work ethic and attitudes toward organizational change. Human Relations, 53(4), 513–537. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726700534003
Yousef, D. A. (2001). Islamic work ethic: A moderator between organizational commitment and job satisfaction in a cross-cultural context. Personnel Review, 30(2), 152–169. https://doi.org/10.1108/00483480110380325
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Gusti Oka Widana
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
For all articles published in IJRBS, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work, while ensuring that the authors receive proper credit.