Economic & geopolitical opportunities and challenges for Bangladesh

One Belt-One Road (OBOR)


  • Reza Tunviruzzaman PhD Student,China University of Geosciences Wuhan
  • Tamanna Tahera University of Dhaka
  • Tasnise Zannat World University of Bangladesh



OBOR; Bangladesh; BCIM Corridor; China-Bangladesh Relation


Investment seeking Bangladesh's economy is hungry for local and international finance for its infrastructure development. One Belt-One Road (OBOR) seems opened a golden door, not only for Bangladesh's economic reform but also created an opportunity for higher bilateral cooperation between China and Bangladesh. The geographical location of Bangladesh is playing a vital role despite being a small economy and territory in the region. Covering three sides of the Bangladeshi border, economically emerging state India has a sharp eye look on Bangladesh's strategies and policies more than any other time. The hostile looks of India (on China's OBOR initiative) are not an easy task for Bangladesh regarding Geopolitical & Economic strategies. Growing interests in Bangladesh among China and India appeared as a two-edged sword. However, India was the major trading partner of Bangladesh. However, China's trade with Bangladesh has increased manifold in recent years to surpass India from 2004 onwards. This is slowing down, and the change of economic relations between India and Bangladesh, coupled with strained and uncertain political relations, raises multiple concerns. Many dynamics have contributed to China's growing presence in Bangladesh compared to India's decline concerning trade and investment. India has lost out to China in many vital industries. While reviewing and assessing recent developments, the study also depicts a strategy to counter India's declining economic influence in Bangladesh.


Abdul Mazid, M. (2017). Dynamics of “One belt one road” idea of China. The ASIAN AGE.

Bangladesh Enterprise Institute. (2017). Bangladesh-China ties, Belt and Road Initiative held in Dhaka. Xinhuanet.

China Daily. (2017, May 14). Belt And Road Forum For International Cooperation.

Datta, S. (2008). Bangladesh’s relations with china and india: A comparative study. Strategic Analysis, 32(5), 755–772.

Donald J. Lewis. (2016, October 16). President Xi advances OBOR in Bangladesh.

Leng, S. (2017, April 10). Bangladesh plugged into china’s belt and road scheme, HSBC banker says. South China Morning Post.

Muhammad Abdul Mazid. (2019, December 14). One Belt One Road: Integrating economies on a broad range.

Rahman, M. S., & Ahamed, A. (2020). A Critical Review on Sino-South Asian Economic Relations in the Context of Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). International Journal of Social Sciences and Management, 7(3), 94–104.

Rahman, S. M. (2001). China-Bangladesh Relations?: Need for Economic Partnership. 5(3), 1996–1998. intl/Vol-05/Sharmina Nasrin.pdf

Report, H. I. S., Based, I. S., Document, O. N. A., Of, N., In, O., The, S. W. A. S., With, C., Previous, T. H. E., Report, T., Not, D., The, E., Of, R., Of, A. N. Y., & Institutions, T. H. E. (2001). R Oad I Nfrastructure C Oncession P Ractice in E Urope. September.

Sahoo, P. (2013). Economic Relations with Bangladesh: China’s Ascent and India’s Decline. South Asia Research, 33(2), 123–139.

Saimum, R. (2017, September 1). What One Belt One Road means for Bangladesh.

Saleem Samad. (2017, March 2). China’s “One Belt, One Road” plan will benefit Bangladesh.

Sikder, M., & Dou, X. (2020). Bilateral Export Trading Analysis between Bangladesh and China: Opportunities and Prospects. American International Journal of Business and Management Studies, 2(2), 1–10.

Wiland, J. (2004). Building the Silk Road. Library, April, 2004–2004.

Zahan, N. (2017, February 28). Bangladesh joins China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ initiative: meeting challenges, building the future. Shanghai Daily.



2021-06-23 — Updated on 2021-06-15


How to Cite

Tunviruzzaman, R., Tahera, T. ., & Zannat, T. . (2021). Economic & geopolitical opportunities and challenges for Bangladesh: One Belt-One Road (OBOR). International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 10(4), 506–511. (Original work published June 23, 2021)



Related Topics in Social Science