Effect of green human resource management (GHRM) overall on organization’s environmental performance

The mediating role of green employee empowerment


  • Alam Mohammad Ashraful UIBE, Beijing, China
  • Xiongying Niu
  • Nafisa Rounok




Green Human Resource Management; Green Employee Empowerment; Organization's Environmental Performance; Environmental Management System


This study assesses the effect of green human resource management (GHRM) practices (overall) on the organization’s environmental performance (OEP) and to identify how the organizations can improve their EP by using GHRM practices through Green Employee Empowerment (GEE). The study was based on a questionnaire survey of 340 responses from the manufacturing sectors; the key respondents were one from each industry limited to top management, HR manager, quality manager, or employee of manufacturing firms. The questionnaires were tested for reliability and validity. To evaluate the hypothesis, data was examined using the PLS path modeling technique. The empirical findings show that the GHRM practices (overall) have a significant effect on OEP, and GEE mediates their relation. This research has theoretically contributed to the green HRM/HRM literature by establishing a link between GHRM practices and their EP outcomes in manufacturing companies. This study adds to the body of knowledge by looking at the indirect impacts of GHRM practices on OEP via GEE. The findings suggested that GHRM practices might lead employees to green empowerment in order to improve environmental performance.


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How to Cite

Mohammad Ashraful, A., Niu, X., & Rounok, N. (2021). Effect of green human resource management (GHRM) overall on organization’s environmental performance: The mediating role of green employee empowerment. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 10(4), 99–116. https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v10i4.1230



Organizational Culture, Leadership and Human Resources Management