A Theoretical Assessment of the Formation of IT clusters in Kazakhstan

Approaches and Positive Effects





Cluster, Information Technology, IT Cluster, Regional Development


The aim of this research is to develop new theoretical approaches of the formation of IT clusters in order to strengthen of trend of the innovative industrialization and competitiveness of the country. Keeping with the previous literature, this study determines by the novelty of the problem, concerning the formation of IT clusters, which can become a driving force of transformation due to the interaction, improving efficiency and introducing advanced technology. In this research, we used conceptual approach employs the study of different conceptual views of scientists on a specific research object; structured approach involves determination of properties of a whole object by identifying the different relationships; system approach aims to develop research methods and design of complex objects – systems of different types. This study allows to conclude that IT-clusters will be most effective when they evolve naturally, originating under the action of internal forces of consolidation of  innovative, information and communications infrastructure (industrial parks, techno polis, research laboratories and business incubators, formation of soft infrastructure), that can help to find quick, innovative and creative ways to solve problems.


Download data is not yet available.


Bell, G. G. (2005). Clusters, networks, and firm innovativeness. Strategic Management Journal, 26: 287-295

Boschma, R., Fornahl, D. (2011). Cluster Evolution and a Roadmap for Future Research. Regional Studies, 45, 10, 1295-1298.

Bramwell, A., Nelles, J., Wolfe, D. A. (2010). Knowledge, Innovation and Institutions: Global and Local Dimensions of the ICT Cluster in Waterloo, Canada. Regional Studies, 42, 1, 101-116.

CFPNC, (2013). Concept of the Formation of Prospective National Clusters until 2020 in Kazakhstan (in Russian). Astana.

Christaller, W. (1966). Central Places in Southern Germany. Format: Book.

Dezhina, I.G. (2013). Technology platforms and innovation clusters: together or separately? (in Russian). Мoscow.

Eickelpasch, A., Fritsch, M. (2005). Contests for cooperation – A new approach in German innovation policy. Research Policy, 34, 1269-1282.

Friedmann, J. (1966). Regional Development Policy: a Case Study of Venezuela. Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Harris, G.D. (1954). The market as a factor in the localization of production. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 44, 315-348.

Hollands, R.G. (2008).Will the Real Smart City Please Stand Up? City, 12, 3, 303-320.

Kim, Y.M., Kireyeva, A.A., Youn, M.K. (2014). Effects of SNS Characteristics upon Consumers ‘Awareness, Purchase Intention, and Recommendation. Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business, 5, 1, 27-37.

Kireyeva, A.A. (2014). Theoretical and methodological basis for formation of conditions for development of innovation clusters. Economic and social changes: facts, trends, forecast, 1, 31, 182-189.

Kireyeva, A.A. (2015). Theoretical assessment of the formation of IT clusters in spatial context (in Russian). Problems of development of the territory, 80, 34-42.

Kireyeva, A.A., Nurlanova, N.K. (2013). The Problems of Spatial Modernization of the Economy and New Approaches to Way Out from Crisis: Kazakhstan’s experience. Journal Distribution of Science, 11, 3, 39–48.

Kireyeva, A.A., Yespayev S.S. (2014). A Study of the Formation of Innovative Clusters as Growth Poles in the Regions of Kazakhstan. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science, 3, 1, 15-34.

Kozak, S. (2012). Technology platforms as basis for innovative development (in Russian). Trade-industrial news, 6, 33-35.

Krugman, P.R. (1991). Geography and Trade. Cambridge. MA: MIT Press.

Lundvall, B.A. (2000).The Learning Economy: Some Implications for the Knowledge Base of Health and Education System. Knowledge Management in the Learning Society, Paris, 11-32.

Marrano, M. G., Haskel, J., Wallis, G. (2009). What happened to the knowledge economy? ICT, intangible investment and Britain’s productivity record revisited. Review of Income and Wealth, 55, 3, 686-716.

Marshall, А. (1993). Principles of Economics (in Russian). Moscow.

Martin, R., Sunley, P. (2003). Deconstructing clusters: chaotic concept or policy panacea? Journal of Economic Geography, 3, 5-35.

Moshiri, S., Simpson, W. (2011). Information Technology and the Changing Workplace in Canada: Firm Level Evidence. Industrial and Corporate Change, 20, 6, 1601-1636.

Napolskih, D.L. (2012). Methodological problems of identification and classification of innovation clusters Innovative technologies of management and law (in Russian), 3, 4, 31-49.

Nishimura, J., Okamuro, H. (2011). Subsidy and networking: the effects of direct and indirect support programs of the cluster policy. Research Policy, 40, 714-727.

Optner, S. L. (1965). System analysis for business and industrial problem solving. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NewJersey.

Perroux, F. (1955). Note sur les notion de pole de croissance. Economie Appliquee, 7(1-2), 307-320.

Porter, M. E. (1998). Clusters and the New Economics of Competition. Harvard Business Review, 76, 77-90.

Pimeneva, М.V. (2007). Methodology conceptual studies (in Russian). Moscow.

Pred, A.R. (1966). The Spatial Dynamics of U.S. Urban-Industrial Growth. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Richardson, C., Yamin, M., Sinkoviks, R. (2012). Policy-driven clusters, interfirm interactions and firm internationalization: some insights from Malaysia's Multimedia Super Corridor. International Business Review, 21, 794-805.

Ritchey, T. (1991). On Scientific Method – Based on a Study by Bernhard Riemann. Systems Research, 8, 4, 21-41

Rittel, H., Webber, M. M. (1972). Dilemmas in a general theory of planning. Policy Sciences, 4, 155-169.

Romer, P. (1986). Increasing Returns and Long Run Groft. Journal of Political Economy, 94, 5, 1002-1037.

Scott, A., Storper, M. (2003). Regions, Globalization, Development. Regional Studies, 37, 6, 579-593.

Solow, R. (1987). New York Review of Books, July 12.

SPFIID, (2010). State program on forced industrial-innovative development 2010-2014 in Kazakhstan (in Russian). Astana.

Storper, M. (1997). The Regional World: Territorial Development in Global Economy. N.Y.: Guilford Press.

Vardarher, P., R.Cakır Atabay (2015). A Study on Sustainable Innovation Profile of Turkey. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science, 4, 4, 24-35. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v4i4.16.g16




How to Cite

Kireyeva, A. A. (2016). A Theoretical Assessment of the Formation of IT clusters in Kazakhstan: Approaches and Positive Effects. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 5(3), 54–65. https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v5i3.286