Rapid urbanization and the advances in Information and Communication Technology have changed the definition of "city" all over the world. In the beginning, the concept emerged as Digital Cities and gradually changed to Smart Cities bringing criteria along. It is inevitable that, in future the concept will change and develop new criteria. There are many components in the smart city, with the knowledge of the idea of "information and communication technologies", which is the focus of smart cities and the cities of the future. The ability to define cities as smart is possible through the development of balanced applications around these applications. In this study, the Istanbul city will be evaluated in the context of smart city studies while it is presented with components of smart city concept.
AT Kearney, Global Cities Index (2016). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from
Batty, M., Axhausen, K. W., Giannotti, F., Pozdnoukhov, A., Bazzani, A., Wachowicz, M., & Ouzounis, G. (2012). The European Physical Journal Special Topics. Smart cities of the future. 214, 481–518. doi: 10.1140/epjst/e2012-01703-3.
Cocchia, A. (2014). Smart and Digital City: A Systematic Literature Review. In Dameri, R. P. and C. Rosenthal-Sabroux (Eds.), Smart City, Progress in IS, (pp. 13-43). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-06160-3_2.
Cohen, B. (2012a, Nowember). The Top 10 Smart Cities On The Planet. Co.Exist: World changing ideas and innovation, Retrieved from http://www.fastcoexist.com/1679127/the-top-10-smart-cities-on-the-planet
Cohen, B. (2012b, January). Toronto ranks second in smartest cities on the planet list. BuzzyBuzzy Home News, Retrieved from http://blog.buzzbuzzhome.com/2012/01/we-are-so-smart-we-are-so-smart-toronto-ranks-second-in-smartest-cities-on-the-planet-list.html
Çelikyay, H. H. (2013). Teknoloji Girdabından Akıllı Şehre Dönüşüm: İstanbul Örneği, Bursa: 2nd Turkey Graduate Studies Congress, May 6-8, 2013.
Çelikyay, H. H. (2016). What Makes Smart Cities Really Smart?, The New Turkey, Retrieved from http://thenewturkey.org/what-make-smart-cities-really-smart/
Economist Intelligence Unit (2009). European Green City Index. Retrieved from https://w5.siemens.com/web/ro/ro/corporate/portal/SiemensRomania/Documents/Bucharest_Green_City_Index.pdf . Munich, Germany. Order No. A19100-F-P152-X-7600.
Economist Intelligence Unit. (2012). European Green City Index. https://www.siemens.com/entry/cc/features/greencityindex_international/all/en/pdf/gci_report_summary.pdf. Munich, Germany. Order No. A19100-F-P197-X-7600).
Fira Barcelona (2016). Smart City World Congress. Retrieved from http://www.smartcityexpo.com/tr/istanbul
Giffinger, R., Fertner, C., Kramar, H., Kalasek, R., Pichler‐Milanovic, N. & Meijers, E. (2007). Smart Cities – Ranking of European Medium‐Sized Cities, Vienna University of Technology Research Report. Retrieved from http://www.cities-localgovernments.org/committees/cdc/Upload/formations/smartcitiesstudy_en.pdf
Giffinger R. (2007), Smart Cities: Ranking of European medium-sized cities, Centre of Regional Science, Vienna.
Goel, S. & S. Nadimpalli (2015). Modern Urbanization: Challenges in Setting up Smart Cities. Cushman & Wakefield Research Report. Retrieved from https://smartnet.niua.org/sites/default/files/resources/SmartCitiesReportCW.pdf
ISBAK (2017). Workshops, (http://isbak.istanbul/?s=çalıştay.
Manville, C., G. Cochrane, J. Cave, J. Millard, J. K. Pederson, R. K. Thaarup, A. Liebe, M. Wissner, R. Massink, B. Kooterink (2014). Mapping Smart Cities in Europe, European Parlimanet, Directorate General For Internal Policies
United Cities Local Governments UCLG. (2012). Smart Cities Study: International study on the situation of ICT, innovation and Knowledge in cities. Bilbao.
Vienna Urban Development Studies (2016). Retrieved from https://www.wien.gv.at/stadtentwicklung/studien/pdf/b008403j.pdf
Why smart cities? (2015). Retrieved April 11, 2017, from http://www.smart-cities.eu/?cid=1&ver=4
Williams, P. (2016), “What Exactly is a Smart City?” Retrieved from http://meetingoftheminds.org/exactly-smart-city-16098
Zanella A., I Nicola B., Angelo C., Lorenzo V. & Michele Z. F., (2014). Internet of Things for Smart Cities,. EEE Internet Of Things Journal, 1(1), 1- 12. doi: 10.1109/JIOT.2014.2306328
Authors contributing to IJRBS agree to publish their articles under the Creative Commons Attribution- 4.0 NC license, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, that the work is not used for commercial purposes, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear. Authors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to IJRBS. However, authors are required to transfer copyrights associated with commercial use to the Publisher. The authors agree to the terms of this Copyright Notice, which will apply to this submission if and when it is published by this journal
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously( exceptin the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other languages, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication