How a leader’s status distance stimulates employee job performance

The moderating effect of employee loyalty and task interdependence

  • Sagarika Irangani Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Zhiqiang Liu Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Weedige Sampath Sanjeewa Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Keywords: Status distance, Status threats, Task interdependence, Loyalty, Job performance, Power distance theory,


Status is an important circumstance for  People’s subjective “well-being, self-esteem, and mental and physical health”. The paper aimed to test how leader status stimulates the quality of employee job performance in the organization. We argue that in spite of the benefits of having low-status distance who be faced with a comparable loss of status individuals experience more “self-threat” and hence status is threatened tend to engage in disruptive behavior to deliberately inflicts others through actions such as disapproving and acting unkindly. consequently, when the leader -Team member relationship is worse less perception of leader provided less performance of team members and relatively more perception offered to better performance of employees. We investigated these assumptions involving 240 employees (N = 240). Our findings help to explain why leaders sometimes challenge others who present an immediate threat to their status. As such, we extend theorizing on the power distance, organizational bureaucracy, and leader-member exchange. Results from survey study show a curvilinear relationship between status distance and team member job performance, these detectings offer an empirical basis and theoretical inspiration to consider status distance as a critical variable in the possessions of status differences on interpersonal dynamics. Importantly, this work also offers an applicable and timely viewpoint for managers debating the cost and benefits of various hierarchical alignment in organizations.

Author Biographies

Zhiqiang Liu, Huazhong University of Science and Technology

Zhiqiang Liu(professor)

       Department of Business Administration , School of Management,

         Huazhong University of Science &   Technology,

         Wuhan, China


Weedige Sampath Sanjeewa, Huazhong University of Science and Technology

         Weedige Sampath Sanjeewa ,

         School of Economics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology,

         1037 Luoyu Road, Hongshan District,

         Wuhan 430074, P.R.China ;



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How to Cite
Irangani, S., Liu, Z., & Sampath Sanjeewa, W. (2019). How a leader’s status distance stimulates employee job performance. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 8(6), 116-128.