Overview of misconduct influencing ethical culture in the Local Government Sector Education Training Authority, South Africa





Misconduct, Ethical Culture, Education, Training, Corruption


Misconduct, in any form, whether corruption, theft, mismanagement of funds, maladministration, non-compliance of rules, etc. may create unethical environment in an organisation. This situation, if not get corrected timely, may have a negative impact on organisational performance as employees may be more inclined to focus on personal gains than working towards realising orgaisational vision. Authors of this article have utilised various official reports to substantiate this statement, and hence avoid a biased approach. The study focuses on the Local Government Sector Education Training Authority (LGSETA), to assess whether there is misconduct that limits the organization’s ability to establish an ethical culture. The study is based on qualitative desktop analysis utilising literature and document reviews to gather information. The findings explore varied ethical challenges and thus discuss measures to combat misconduct in LGSETA. The study recommends the adoption of the Governance Operating Model, suggested by Deloitte (2013) that can assist LGSETA to minimise misconduct by implementing measures to institute and promote an ethical culture.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Pinky Mothabi, University of Johanensburg

Postgraduate Student, School of Public Management, Governance and Public Policy, College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg,


Abrahams, C. (2014). Governance and institutional arrangements in the manufacturing engineering and related services SETA. Master’s Dissertation, University of Witwatersrand: Johannesburg.

Auditor General South Africa. (2013). Consolidated general report on national and provincial audit outcomes (2013/2014). Pretoria: AGSA.

Bangani, A. (2019). Factors influencing the implementation of the strategic framework for gender equality within the South African public service. Master’s Dissertation, University of Johannesburg: Johannesburg.

Barclay, D. and Cloete, F. (2013). A corporate governance framework for sector education and training authorities (SETAs). African Journal of Public Affairs, 6(2),17-37.

Busetto, L., Wick, W. & Gumbinger, C. (2020). How to use and assess qualitative research methods. Neurological Research and Practice, 2 (14), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42466-020-00059-z

Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching (CIRT). (n.d.). Overview of descriptive research. https://cirt.gcu.edu/research/development resources/research_ready/descriptive/overview. (June 30, 2018).

Chapman, R.A. (1993). Ethics in public service, University Press: Edinburgh.

Chauke, K.R. 2019. Critical analysis of principle one and two of king iv report on corporate governance: leadership and ethics. The 4th Annual International Conference on Public Administration and Development Alternatives, 03-05 July 2019, Southern Sun Hotel, OR Tambo International Airport, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Cloete, H.C.A., Eigelaar-Meets, I., Fortuin, A.J. and Sewell, W.J. (2020). The challenges faced by the municipal skills development facilitator in the planning and implementation of skills interventions. https://cdn.lgseta.co.za/resources/performance_monitoring_and_reporting_documents/SDF%20Research%20Project.pdf (April 04, 2022).

DeFranzo, S. (2011). What is the difference between quantitative and qualitative research? https://www.snapsurveys.com/blog/qualitative-vs-quantitative-research/ (February 24, 2021).

Deloitte. (2013). Developing an effective governance operating model: a guide for financial services boards and management teams. https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/global/Documents/Financial-Services/dttl-fsi-US-FSI-Developinganeffectivegovernance-031913.pdf (March 28, 2022).

Department of Higher Education and Training. (2011). Sector education and training authority constitution. Pretoria: DHET.

Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET). (2015). Proposal for the new national skills development strategy (NSDS) and sector education and training authorities (SETAs) landscape within the context of an integrated and differentiated post-school education and training system (NSLP – 2015). Government Gazette, 605(39386) Notice 1088: 10 November 2015. Pretoria: Government Printer.

Ebneyamini, S, Reza, M. and Moghadam, S. (2018). Toward developing a framework for conducting case study research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 17, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406918817954

Financial and Fiscal Commission. (2020). Technical report: Division of Revenue 2020/21: repositioning local government public finances. Pretoria: FFC.

Grant Thornton. (2017). King III vs King IV: what you really need to know. https://www.grantthornton.co.za/globalassets/1.-member-firms/south-africa/pdfs/kingiv_feb17.pdf (March 26, 2021).

Grawitzky, R. (2007). SETAs – a vehicle for the skills revolution? Pretoria: Development Policy Research Unit.

Groenewald, L. (2021). Whistleblower protection – are we huffing and puffing in the right direction? https://www.news24.com/news24/columnists/guestcolumn/opinion-liezl-groenewald-whistleblower-protection-are-we-huffing-and-puffing-in-the-right-direction-20211019 (October 16, 2021).

Hajer, M. and Versteeg, W. (2006). A decade of discourse analysis of environmental politics: achievements, challenges, and perspectives. Journal in Environmental Policy and Planning, 7(2),175-184. https://doi.org/10.1080/15239080500339646

Institute of Directors in Southern Africa (IoDSA) (1994). The king report on corporate governance, 1994. https: https://cdn.ymaws.com/www.iodsa.co.za/resource/collection/94445006-4F18-4335-B7FB-7F5A8B23FB3F/King_1_Report.pdf. (April 05, 2022).

Khomba, J.K. (2012). Business ethics and corporate governance: an African socio-cultural framework. African Journal of Business Management, 6(9),3510-3518. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJBM11.2932

Koma, S.B. (2009). Conceptualisation and contextualisation of corporate governance in South African public sector: issues, trends, and prospects. Journal of Public Administration, 44(3),451-459.

Local Government Sector Education and Training (LGSETA). (2014). Annual report 2013/14. https://cdn.lgseta.co.za/resources/annual_report/LGSETA%20Annual%20Report%202013-2014.pdf (March 28, 2022).

Local Government Sector Education and Training Authority (LGSETA). (2018). LGSETA annual report (2018/2019). https://cdn.lgseta.co.za/resources/annual_report/LGSETA_AR2019_LQ.pdf (March 28, 2022).

Local Government Sector Education and Training Authority (LGSETA). (2019). Constitution of the local government sector education and training authority (LGSETA). https://cdn.lgseta.co.za/resources/The%20Amended%20Constitution%20of%20LGSETA.pdf (March 28, 2022).

Local Government Sector Education and Training Authority (LGSETA). (2020). Annual report (2018/2019). https://static.pmg.org.za/LGSETA_SP_202021-2425.pdf (March 28, 2022).

Local Government Sector Education and Training Authority (LGSETA). (2021). Strategic plan 2021-25. https://static.pmg.org.za/SP_202021-2425_Digital16_March-signed.pdf (March 28, 2022).

Local Government Sector Education and Training Authority (LGSETA). (2022). LGSETA website. https://lgseta.org.za/about/contact/. (March 15, 2022).

Maapa, N. (2017). The efficacy of ethics management in Rustenburg Local Municipality. Master’s Dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand: Johannesburg.

Malherbe, S. and Segal, N. 2001. (2001). Annual forum: corporate governance in South Africa. Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies. https://www.tips.org.za/files/Corporate_Governance_in_South_Africa.pdf (August 02, 2021).

Masegare, P. M. (2016). Critical analysis of corporate governance implementation and control systems within the municipal sector in Gauteng Province of South Africa. PhD Thesis, University of KwaZulu Natal: Durban.

Matsiliza, N.S. (2013). Creating a new ethical culture in the South African local government. The Journal of African & Asian Local Government Studies, 2(3),107-118.

Modiha, E. (2018). Identifying the challenges to implement King IV in Chapter 9 and public sector institutions. Mini Dissertation, Northwest University: Potchefstroom.

Motshwane, O.N. (2018). An Investigation into the impact of poor ethical behaviour on the achievement of objectives in provincial departments. Master’s Dissertation, University of Free State, Bloemfontein.

National Association of State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA). (2021). Ethical culture building: a modern business imperative. https://nasba.org/blog/2008/03/01/ethical-culture-building-a-modern-business-imperative/ (September 24, 2021).

Nosizo, N. (2016). An analysis of the human development strategies for local government: a case of Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality. Masters Dissertation, University of Fort Hare: Alice.

Nyikadzino, T. and Vyas-Doorgapersad, S. (2020). The devolution of governmental powers and responsibilities in post-independent Zimbabwe. African Renaissance, 17, (1), 233-251. https://doi.org/10.31920/2516-5305/2020/17n1a11

Parliamentary Monitoring Group (PMG). (2013). Local government SETA under administration & learnerships; input by Department of Cooperative Governance, South African Local Government Association & LGSETA. Pretoria: PMG.

Parliamentary Monitoring Group (PMG). (2014). SETAs under administration: Local Government SETA and Services SETA Annual Reports 2012/13. Pretoria: PMG.

Parliamentary Monitoring Group (PMG). (2014a). SETAs under administration: local government SETA and services SETA annual reports 2012/13. https://pmg.org.za/committee-meeting/16985/ (March 28, 2022).

Parliamentary Monitoring Group (PMG). (2014b). Local government SETA under administration & learnerships; input by Department of Cooperative Governance, South African Local Government Association & LGSETA. https://pmg.org.za/committee-meeting/16175/ (March 28, 2022).

Parliamentary Monitoring Group (PMG). (2015). Public service SETA and local government SETA: interrogation of 2013/14 annual reports. Pretoria: PMG

Pitak-Arnnop, P., Dhanuthai, K., Hemprich, A., & Pausch, N. C. (2012). Morality, ethics, norms, and research misconduct. Journal of Conservative Dentistry,15(1), 92–93. https://doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.92617

Rashid, Y., Rashid, A., Warraich, A.K., Sabir, S.S. and Waseem, A. (2019). Case study method: a step-by-step guide for business researcher’. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 18, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406919862424

Republic of South Africa. (1996). Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996. South Africa

Republic of South Africa. (1998). Skills Development Act 97 of 1998. Pretoria: Government Printer.

Republic of South Africa. 1999. Public Finance Management Act 1 of 1999. Pretoria: Government Printer.

Republic of South Africa. 2000. Municipal Systems Act 2 of 2000. Pretoria: Government Printer.

Roman, A.D. (2008). Financial reporting and the public finance management act (PFMA) in the Western Cape. Master’s Dissertation, University of Western Cape: Cape Town.

Sibanda, N. (2015). Challenges and prospects of the South African women empowerment and gender equality bill. http://wiredspace. wits.ac.za/handle/10539/22151 (October 10, 2018).

Skae, O. (2021). Project 8: Evaluation of SETA governance. https://www.nationalskillsauthority.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/SETA-Governance-Study.pdf (March 28, 2022).

Sutcliffe, M. and Bannister, S. (2020). Research on exploring factors affecting governance in the local government institutions. https://cdn.lgseta.co.za/resources/research_and_reports/2

Thonzhe, N. and Vyas-Doorgapersad, S. (2017). The role of organisational ethics management within the South African public service. International Journal of Business and Management Studies, 9 (2),137-150.

Vanclay, F., Baines, T. and Taylor, N. (2013). Principles for ethical research involving humans: ethical professional practice in impact assessment-Part 1. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 8(13),243-253. https://doi.org/10.1080/14615517.2013.850307

Vyas-Doorgapersad, S. (2007). Corruption in the public sector. a comparative analysis. Journal of Public Administration 42 (5), 285-299.

Vyas-Doorgapersad, S. and Ababio, E.P. (2010). The illusion of ethics for good local governance in South Africa. TD The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa, 6(2), 411 – 427. https://doi.org/10.4102/td.v6i2.273

Vyas-Doorgapersad, S. and Aktan, C. (2017). Progression from ideal state to good governance: an introductory overview. International Journal of Business and Management Studies, 9(1),1-21.

Vyas-Doorgapersad, S. and Shava, E. (2021). Paradigms in public policy and administration in Africa. African Journal of Development Studies, 11 (4), 29-52. https://doi.org/10.31920/2634-3649/2021/v11n4a2

Vyas-Doorgapersad, S. and Simmonds, S. (2011). The significance of philosophical tools for good governance with reference to South Africa. Administratio Publica, 19 (3), 56-72.

Yes Media. (2021). LGSETA-national government. https://nationalgovernment.co.za/units/view/240/local-government-sector-education-and-training-authority-lgseta (August 23, 2021).




How to Cite

Vyas-Doorgapersad, S., & Mothabi, P. (2022). Overview of misconduct influencing ethical culture in the Local Government Sector Education Training Authority, South Africa. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 11(4), 365–374. https://doi.org/10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1816



Teaching, Learning & Higher Education Institutions