The implementation of labor strike rights: Between freedom and order in Indonesia


  • Adnan Hamid
  • Andi Wahyuni Wibisana



Labor, Strike Rights, Labor Law, Indonesia


This research aims to investigate and know about the implementation of labor strike rights, between freedom and order in Indonesia. The methodology of this research is normative legal research using a qualitative descriptive approach, and data collection techniques using library research techniques. The results of the study indicate that a labor strike occurs when unjust labor practices occur in which workers/workers hold their jobs to protest against employers who are considered to have violated the applicable labor laws. Workers who strike because of unfair labor practices cannot be legally dismissed or replaced permanently and this is guaranteed by law in Indonesia. However, some efforts are needed to navigate the potential for a labor strike that can be carried out by improving the quality of working life in the company. Through the implementation of the quality of work-life, it is hoped that workers will feel involved in the workplace. If there is a problem at work, the workers/workers want to be heard by the company's leadership, and they want to know that there is a fair settlement process as regulated by the prevailing regulations and laws so that this is the best solution to prevent and deal with labors to strike rights.


Download data is not yet available.


Ayub,M., Eka Putra, A.A.P., dan Senjaya,O. (2021). Penyebab Terjadinya Pemogokan Kerja. Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Ilmu-ilmu Sosial, Hukum, & Pengajarannya, XVI (1), 94 – 99. DOI:

Bachtiar (2018). Metode Penelitian Hukum. Banten: Unpam Press

Barus, Z. (2013). Analisis Filosofis Tentang Peta Konseptual Penelitian Hukum Normatif Dan Penelitian Hukum Sosiologis. Jurnal Dinamika Hukum,13 (2), 307-318. 10.20884/1.jdh.2013.13.2.212

Creswell, J.W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry & research design choosing among five approaches. Second Edition. California: Sage Publications

Elang, M.L. (2017). Hak Mogok Buruh Outsourcing Perusahaan Distribusi BBM. Lembaga Kajian Keilmuan Fakultas Hukum Universitas Indonesia (LK2 FHUI).

Ellitan, L. (2020). Competing in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0 and Society 5.0. Jurnal Maksipreneur, 10 (1),1 – 12. DOI:

Falco, A., Girardi, D., Dal Corso, L., Y?ld?r?m, M., and Converso, D. (2021). The perceived risk of being infected at work: An application of the job demands–resources model to workplace safety during the COVID-19 outbreak. PLoS ONE,16(9): e0257197. DOI:

Find Law. (2017). Labor Strike FAQs. Copyright © 2022, Thomson Reuters. Retrieved from https://www.

Fowler, J.L., Gudmundsson, A.J., Whicker,L.M. (2009).The Psychological Impact of Industrial Strikes: Does Involvement in Union Activity during Strikes make a Difference?. Journal of Industrial Relation,51 (2), 227-243. DOI:

Hamid, A. (2021). The application of the rights and obligations of workers during the Covid-19 outbreak in Indonesia: Labor Law Perspective. International Journal of Business Ecosystem & Strategy, 3(3), 26-37. DOI:

Hamid, A. (2021). A critical study of the Job Creation Law No.11 of 2020 and its implications for labor in Indonesia. International Journal of Research in Business & Social Science, 10(5), 195-206. DOI:

Hicks, C.(2020). What Are the Four Factors of Production? - The factors of production impact the financial markets and investment outcomes. U.S. News. Retrieved from investing/investing-101/articles/what-are-the-four-factors-of-production

Ilyas., Dwiputri, I.N., Isalman., Wahab., and Suseno,S.(2020). The Impact of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 on Employment in Indonesia. 3rd International Research Conference on Economics and Business, KnE Social Sciences, 357–365. DOI:

Israelstam, I. (2017). What is the impact of strikes for employers and employees? Portal Publishing, Wynberg Mews, Brodie Road, Wynberg, Cape Town, 7800, ZA. Retrieved froam https://www.skillsportal

Lim,W.(2019). The Right to Strike. The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved from

Keputusan Menteri Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Nomor KEP-232/MEN/2003 Tahun 2003 tentang Akibat Hukum Mogok Kerja yang Tidak Sah.

Kabir, S.M.S. (2018). Chapter – 9 Methods of Data Collection. Basic Guidelines for Research, 202-206. Retrieved from:

Konvensi ILO Nomor 87 Tahun 1948 tentang Kebebasan Berserikat dan Perlindungan Hak untuk Berorganisasi sebagaimana yang telah diratifikasi dengan Keputusan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 83 Tahun 1998

Konvensi ILO Nomor 98 Tahun 1949 tentang Pelaksanaan Prinsip-Prinsip Hak Berorganisasi dan Berunding Bersama sebagaimana yang telah diratifikasi dengan Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 18 Tahun 1956

Leitão,J., Pereira,D., and Gonçalves,A. (2019). Quality of Work Life and Organizational Performance: Workers’ Feelings of Contributing, or Not, to the Organization’s Productivity. Int J Environ Res Public Health,16(20): 3803. DOI:

Englert, I.S. (2022), What types of strikes are legal and illegal? Labor Relations. Retrieved from

Papava, V. (2017). On Production Factors. Economics, Bulletin of The Georgian National Academy of Sciences, 11 (4),145-149. DOI:

Ruhana, I., Astuti, E.S., Utami, H.N.,and Tri Wulida Afrianti,T.W. (2019). The Effect of Quality of Work Life (QWL) on Job Satisfaction and Organization Citizenship Behavior (OCB) (A Study of Nurse at Numerous Hospitals in Malang, Indonesia). Journal of Public Administration Studies, 4 (2), 51-58. DOI:

Sugiarto, E.C. (2018). Ekonomi Kreatif Masa Depan Indonesia. Kementerian Sekretaris Negara RepubIik Indonesia. Retrieved from masa_depan_ indonesia

The Asian Development Bank. (2022). Analysis of Trends and Challenges in the Indonesian Labor Market. Retrieved from

Tri, N.M., & Nhe, D.T. (2021). Impact of Industrial Revolution 4.0 on the Labor Market in Vietnam. Sciedu Press, Research in World Economy, 12 (1),94-100. DOI:

Zervoudi, E.K. (2020). Fourth Industrial Revolution: Opportunities, Challenges, and Proposed Policies. Retrieved from DOI:

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 13 tentang Ketenagakerjaan Tahun 2003

Undang-Undang Nomor 11 tahun 2020 tentang Cipta Kerja

Undang-Undang Nomor 2 Tahun 2004 tentang Penyelesaian Perselisihan Hubungan Industrial

Waas, B. (2012). Strike as a Fundamental Right of the Workers and its Risks of Conflicting with other Fundamental Rights of the Citizens. Presented in XX World Congress, Santiago de Chile, General Report III,1-88. Retrieved from




How to Cite

Hamid, A., & Wibisana, A. W. (2022). The implementation of labor strike rights: Between freedom and order in Indonesia . International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 11(3), 257–264.



Legal Issues in Social Science