Implementation of the new higher education curriculum in Indonesia: perceptions and participation in the process
Keywords:Perceptions, user participation, user community, curriculum programs
According to the objectives of this study, perceptions, and participation of the user community in responding to policy "Independent Learning Program – Independent Campus (MBKM)" will be determined. The quantitative approach used in this study was centered on the survey as the research design chosen for the study. It surveyed 593 members of the user community, who included lecturers, students, stakeholders, and parents, among other people. The structural equation model statistical analysis is used for data analysis. On the other hand, perceptions and participation are variables that have been observed. In this study, the relationship between perception and participation among the user community in responding to the policy of the MBKM program in Indonesia was investigated using quantitative methods. The following research procedures were used: (1) Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was used to determine the factor analysis of each construct; perceptions and participation; (2) Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used to construct the instrument in order to obtain a fit model; and (3) Structural Equation Model (SEM) was used to determine the relationship between perceptions and user participation. The fit index test was performed using the following model criteria: Chi-Square, Chi-Square/df, TLI, CFI, NFI, and RMSEA. In addition, the following are the findings of this study: (1) The EFA analysis revealed that the perceptions construct contained three valid sub-constructs, while the user participation constructs contained four valid sub-constructs; (2) The CFA analysis revealed that there was a strong link between the three sub-constructs of perceptions and the four valid sub-constructs of user participation (benefits, convenience, and beliefs; 0,943; 0,970; 0,870 respectively).
Adisaputera, A., Atmojo, W., Siregar, M., Marice, M., & Yuhdi, A. (2021). The Implementation of the Kampus Merdeka Program in the Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni Unimed. Proceeding of ICIESC 2021, August(3), 201–218. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313732 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313732
Adrianus Sihombing, A., Anugrahsari, S., Parlina, N., & Kusumastuti, Y. S. (2021). Merdeka Belajar in an Online Learning during The Covid-19 Outbreak: Concept and Implementation. Asian Journal of University Education, 17(4), 35. https://doi.org/10.24191/ajue.v17i4.16207 DOI: https://doi.org/10.24191/ajue.v17i4.16207
Al Anshori, F. (2021). Persepsi Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Terhadap Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka. Biogenerasi, 6(2), 147–153. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30605/biogenerasi.v6i1.491
Amalia, M. (2021). Challenges and Efforts of Legal Education in The Pandemic Time in Improving the Role of Education Through MBKM. Proceeding International Conference on Science and Engineering, 4(2), 124–139.
Baharuddin, M. R. (2021). Adaptasi Kurikulum Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka (Fokus: Model MBKM Program Studi). Jurnal Studi Guru Dan Pembelajaran, 4(1), 195–205.
Byrne, B. M. (2019). Structural Equation Modeling with Amos: Basic Concepts, Applications and Programming. Journal of Applied Quantitative Methods, 5(2), 365–367.
Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2013). Research Methods in Education Sixth Edition. In Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8527.2007.00388_4.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8527.2007.00388_4.x
Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Method. In Research design Qualitative quantitative and mixed methods approaches. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13398-014-0173-7.2
Davis, F. D., Bagozzi, R. P., & Warshaw, P. R. (1989). User Acceptance of Computer Technology: A Comparison of Two Theoretical Models. Management Science, 35(8), 982–1003. https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.35.8.982 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.35.8.982
Ellerani, P., & Gentile, M. (2018). The Role of Teachers as Facilitators to Develop Empowering Leadership and School Communities Supported by the Method of Cooperative Learning. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 93(October), 12–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.09.144 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.09.144
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2014). Multivariate Data Analysis. In Pearson Education Limited.
Hairunisya, N. (2021). Analysis Of Teaching Material Development Problems (Implementation Of Independent Learning And Merdeka Campus). Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, 5(3), 6984–6994.
Higgins, A., Heinz, M., McCauley, V., & Fleming, M. (2018). Creating the Future of Teacher Education Together: The Role of Emotionality in University-school Partnership. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 93(4), 1110–1115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.09.340 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.09.340
I., R. Gay, Geoffrey E. Mills, P. W. A. (2012). Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications.
Insani, N. N., Fitriasari, S., & Iswandi, D. (2021). Persepsi Mahasiswa tentang Program Merdeka Belajar–Kampus Merdeka Pertukaran Pelajar. Mukadimah?: Jurnal Pendidikan, Sejarah, Dan Ilmu Sosial, 5(2), 245–251.
Kline, R. B. (2017). Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling. Journal Basic of Education, 3(21), 445–458.
Kodrat, D. (2021). Industrial Mindset of Education in Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka (MBKM) Policy. Jurnal Kajian Peradaban Islam, 4(1), 9–14. https://doi.org/10.47076/jkpis.v4i1.60 DOI: https://doi.org/10.47076/jkpis.v4i1.60
Kotler, P. (2005). Manajemen Pemasaran edisi ke sebelas. PT Indeks.
Krishnapatria, K. (2021). MBKM Curriculum in English Studies Program: Challenges and Opportunities. ELT in Focus, 4(1), 15–38. https://doi.org/10.35706/eltinfc.v4i1.5276
Liu, H., Zhu, G., & Li, Y. (2021). Research on the impact of environmental risk perception and public participation on evaluation of local government environmental regulation implementation behavior. Environmental Challenges, 5(March), 100213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envc.2021.100213 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envc.2021.100213
Lucardie, D. (2014). The Impact of Fun and Enjoyment on Adult’s Learning. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 142(3), 439–446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.696 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.696
Ma, Q., & Liu, L. (2011). The Technology Acceptance Model. Advanced Topics in End User Computing, Volume 4, January. https://doi.org/10.4018/9781591404743.ch006.ch000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4018/9781591404743.ch006.ch000
Nurtjahyati, S. D., & Sukisno, S. (2021). Challenges and Expectations in the “Freedom of Learning - Independent Campus” Program for Higher Education Managers. Praniti Wiranegara (Journal on Research Innovation and Development in Higher Education), 1(1), 40–46. https://doi.org/10.53602/pwjridhe.v1i1.20 DOI: https://doi.org/10.53602/pwjridhe.v1i1.20
Permono, P. S., Baskora, R., Putra, A., Anggita, G. M., Nugroho, E., Semarang, U. N., Semarang, U. N., Semarang, U. N., Semarang, U. N., & Kunci, K. (2021). Persepsi Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan tentang Program adalah proses seseorang menginterpretasikan. Journal of Sport Coaching and Physical Education, 6(2), 95–103.
Prahani, B. K., Utama Alan Deta, Mochammad Yasir, Sri Astutik, Paken Pandiangan, Sayidah Mahtari, & Husni Mubarok. (2020). The Concept of “Kampus Merdeka” in Accordance with Freire’s Critical Pedagogy. Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, 1(1), 21–37. https://doi.org/10.46627/sipose.v1i1.8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.46627/sipose.v1i1.8
Prakoso, B. H., Ramdani, Z., & Rahmah, B. (2021). Teacher’s Perception on Merdeka Belajar Policy. Indonesian Journal of Educational Assessment, 3(2), 44–58. https://doi.org/10.26499/ijea.v3i2.84 DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/ijea.v3i2.84
Prestridge, S. (2018). The beliefs behind the teacher that influences their ICT practices. Computers and Education, 58(1), 449–458. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.08.028 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.08.028
Purwanti, E. (2021). Preparing the Implementation of Merdeka Belajar – Kampus Merdeka Policy in Higher Education Institutions. Journal of Advanced Research Design, 518(ICoSIHESS 2020), 384–391. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210120.149 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210120.149
Rahmawati, Y. (2021). Implementation of MBKM Activities in Japanese Literature Study Program. Journal of Indonesian Independent Learning, 01(01), 1–3.
Rohinsa, M. (2020). Developing Student Engagement in Innovation Research in The Era of MBKM. Journal Basic of Education, 3(4), 41–54.
Rohmad, M. A. (2020). The Authority of Teacher in Merdeka Belajar Discourse. TARBIYA ISLAMIA: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Keislaman, 10(2), 43–54.
Romla, S. (2021). Implementation of Merdeka Belajar at Kampus Merdeka " Rights to Learn Three Semesters Outside the Study Program " [Implementasi Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka “ Hak Belajar Tiga Semester Di Luar Program Studi ”]. Proceedings of the International Consortium of Education and Culture Research Studies, 10(3), 11–24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/ry9b3
Sakti, M. N. S. F., & Darsim, S. F. H. (2020). Family Role in Optimizing ’Study From Home’With Merdeka Belajar Approach. Proceeding International Conference on Islamic Education “Innovative Learning Designs to Empower Students in Digital Works,” 5(November), 122–129.
Salam, A., & Irawan, E. (2021). Implementation of the Merdeka Program as Efforts to Improve Competitive Village Economic Development?: ( A Case Study of the Implementation of the UTS Assisted Village Merdeka Program in 19 Villages in Sumbawa Regency ). International Journal of Arts and Social Science, 4(3), 257–268.
Sandi, S. (2021). Responsive to the Use of Daily Reading Journal Media in the Concept of Kampus Merdeka: The Efforts to Improve Reading Literacy. Proceeding ISLALE 2021, The 3rd International Seminar on of Language, Art, and Literature Education, October, 102–112.
Sanfo, M. B. J.-B. (2020). Leaving no place behind: Community participation and primary school students’ learning achievements in Burkina Faso’s small-scale gold mining communities. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 1(June), 100010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedro.2020.100010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedro.2020.100010
Simatupang, E., & Yuhertiana, I. (2021). Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka terhadap Perubahan Paradigma Pembelajaran pada Pendidikan Tinggi: Sebuah Tinjauan Literatur. Jurnal Bisnis, Manajemen, Dan Ekonomi, 2(2), 30–38. https://doi.org/10.47747/jbme.v2i2.230 DOI: https://doi.org/10.47747/jbme.v2i2.230
Suharyanti, Y., Rudwiarti, L. A., Mudjihartono, P., & Wibowo, A. J. (2021). Student’s Preferences and Perceptions on Kampus Merdeka Experiential Learning Programs. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Educational Development and Quality Assurance (ICED-QA 2020), 506, 425–431. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210202.076 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210202.076
Suhendra, A. D., Asworowati, R. D., & Ismawati, T. (2020). Merdeka Belajar-Kampus Merdeka Dalam Kurikulum Program Studi Pada Perguruan Tinggi. Akrab Juara, 5(1), 43–54.
Surendran, P. (2019). Technology Acceptance Model: A Survey of Literature. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 2(4), 175–178. https://doi.org/10.18533/ijbsr.v2i4.161
Syarif, H. (2021). Persepsi Mahasiswa Tentang Kurikulum Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka. Jurnal Online Fenomena, 4(1), 79–87. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25139/fn.v4i1.3357
Tabachnick, B & Fidell, L. (2014). Using Multivariate Statistics. In Person Education Limited.
Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mastery of Memory and Thinking. Mind in Society, 38–51. https://doi.org/(Original manuscripts [ca. 1930-1934])
Yuhastina, Y., Parahita, B. N., Astutik, D., Ghufronudin, G., & Purwanto, D. (2020). Sociology Teachers’ Opportunities and Challenges in Facing “Merdeka Belajar” Curriculum in the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0). Society, 8(2), 732–753. https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v8i2.234 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33019/society.v8i2.234
Yusuf, F. A. (2021). The independent campus program for higher education in Indonesia: The role of government support and the readiness of institutions, lecturers and students. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 12(2), 280–304.
Zulfikar, R. (2021). Perception, Level of Trust and Behavior of Indonesian Lecturers in Responding “Kampus Merdeka” Policy. Journal of Advanced Research Design, 1(4), 44–58.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Erna Handayani, Sri Wahyuni, Wanda Nugroho Yanuarto
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
For all articles published in IJRBS, copyright is retained by the authors. Articles are licensed under an open access Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work, while ensuring that the authors receive proper credit.